Chinese companies raised the most this decade in first-half initial public offerings as Huatai Securities Co. and more than 170 other firms tapped the country’s financial markets.
Companies raised 215.3 billion yuan ($31.8 billion) from IPOs, said Tong Daochi, the China Securities Regulatory Commission’s director general of international affairs, at a conference in Shanghai. The amount is the highest so far this century for China, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
China, home to the worst-performing benchmark Asian stock index, may be the world’s biggest IPO market this year as companies are likely to raise 500 billion yuan in Shanghai and Shenzhen, PricewaterhouseCoopers said this month. The first-half tally doesn’t include Agricultural Bank of China Ltd.’s $19.2 billion July sale in Shanghai and Hong Kong.
“The rising interest in the small and medium board in Shenzhen and ChiNext definitely pushed the booming IPO market,” said Wesley Li, an analyst at research company ChinaVenture. “The regulator has also become more skillful in controlling the rhythm of approving new IPOs.”
Most of the IPOs in the first half were from companies selling shares on the small and medium-sized board and the ChiNext startup board, said CSRC’s Tong. Both markets are based in Shenzhen, a city in southern China.
The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index has declined 23 percent this year on concern measures by the government to control real-estate speculation and rising consumer prices will damp economic growth.
Stocks in China rallied yesterday, sending the benchmark index above 2,500 for the first time since June 28, as the prospect the government may relax policy tightening measures spurred gains for the nation’s banks and property companies. The index rose 0.3 percent as of 2:42 p.m. local time.
This year’s drop in the gauge hasn’t deterred some foreign investors including Goldman Sachs Group Inc. from looking at selling stakes in local companies through first-time share sales in Shanghai or Shenzhen.
Since the regulator allowed IPOs to resume in June 2009 after a 10-month moratorium, a total of 12 Chinese companies in which foreign-backed venture-capital and private-equity firms owned stock made their debuts, according to ChinaVenture.
That compares with just three in 2008 and four in 2007, according to data compiled by the research company. The IPO moratorium was imposed by regulators to curb stock market volatility during the global financial crisis.
“A lot more foreign venture capital and private-equity- backed companies are getting in the queue to list in the A-share market,” said David Roberts, a Beijing-based partner at law firm O’Melveny & Myers LLP. Companies in some industries may receive more market attention and “better valuations” by listing in China as opposed to outside the country, he said.
The growing interest from the foreign investors in Chinese IPOs also stems from a 2006 Ministry of Commerce decree that made it harder for pre-IPO investors to invest in Chinese companies through offshore holding structures, also known as “roundtrip investments.”
The rule change prompted companies and investors to use investment structures in China, with a goal of eventually listing in the domestic share market, according to Roberts.
Goldman Sachs owns 45 million shares in Shenzhen Hepalink Pharmaceutical Co., a maker of the blood-thinner heparin, which jumped 18 percent on its trading debut in May. Pre-IPO investors are required to hold their shares for at least a year after the IPO date, according to Shanghai and Shenzhen exchange rules.
Huatai Securities’s IPO in February was the biggest in China since Metallurgical Corporation of China Ltd. in September. The Nanjing-based brokerage raised 15.69 billion yuan in its offering.
Agricultural Bank’s debut in Shanghai on July 15 came after a drop in the city’s benchmark stock index this year, contrasting with the trading starts for its four largest local rivals, who went public in Hong Kong in 2005 and 2006 in the midst of a five-year bull market.
China will have 300 new listings in 2010, up from 99 last year, according to a July 5 release from PwC.