Obama Sanctions Hit Russian Officials, Putin Allies
President Barack Obama has ordered financial sanctions against 31 individuals, including members of the Russian government and allies of President Vladimir Putin, as well as Bank Rossiya in St. Petersburg, the 17th largest bank in Russia. Obama said future penalties could directly target sectors of the Russian economy.
Updated March. 21, 2014
Targets for Ukraine-Related Sanctions
Information from the U.S. Treasury Department:
Government officials: Individuals designated because they are officials of the Russian government. Although not the basis for the designation, several are also very close advisors to senior Russian government officials.
Members of the Inner Circle: Individuals designated because each is controlled by, has acted for or on behalf of, or has provided material or other support to, a senior Russian government official.
Companies: Entities designated because they are controlled by, have acted for or on behalf of, or have provided material or other support to, senior Russian government officials.
Sergey V. Aksyonov
Born: Nov. 26, 1972 in Balti, Moldova
Position: De facto Prime Minister of Crimea following a disputed Feb. 27 vote in the Crimean parliament.
Evgeni V. Bushmin
Born: Oct. 10, 1958 in Lopatino, Sergachiisky Region, Russia
Position: Deputy Speaker of the Federation Council of the Russian Federation; Chairman of the Council of the Federation Budget and Financial Markets Committee
Additional information: On March 1, 2014, Bushmin publicly supported the deployment of Russian forces in Ukraine.
Vladimir M. Dzhabarov
Born: Sep. 29, 1952
Position: First Deputy Chairman of the International Affairs Committee of the Federation Council of the Russian Federation
Additional information: On March 1, 2014, Dzhabarov supported Putin’s appeal regarding the use of the Russian Armed Forces in Ukraine.
Andrei A. Fursenko
Born: July 17, 1949 in St. Petersburg, Russia
Position: Aide to Vladmir Putin.
Additional information: Fursenko has held a number of positions in the Government of the Russian Federation since 2001, including Minister of Education and Science from 2004 to 2012. Although not being designated for being a member of the Russian leadership’s inner circle, Fursenko first met Putin in 1993 and they remain closely associated.
Born: Jan. 1, 1961 in Zaporozhye, Ukraine
Position: Presidential Advisor to Vladmir Putin
Born: 1960 in Zagorsk, Russia
Position: First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office; First Deputy Head of Presidential Administration; First Deputy Presidential Chief of Staff
Born: Jan. 31, 1953 in St. Petersburg, Russia
Position: Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office
Victor P. Ivanov
Born: May 12, 1950 in Novgorod, Russia
Position: Director of the Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation; Member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation
Additional information: Ivanov has served in a number of other government positions prior to that; he was Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation from 2004 to 2008; and Deputy Chief of the Administration of the Russian Federation from 2000 to 2004. Ivanov joined the KGB in 1977 and eventually rose to become the Deputy Director of the Federal Security Service. Ivanov is a close ally of Putin and served alongside Putin as the chief of staff of the St. Petersburg Mayor’s office in 1994 when Putin was first deputy head of the city’s administration.
Born: Nov. 9, 1972 in Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk, Russia
Position: Chairman of the Russian Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Law, Judicial and Legal Affairs and the Development of Civil Society
Vladimir A. Konstantinov
Born: Nov. 9, 1972 in Crimea, Ukraine
Vladimir I. Kozhin
Born: Feb. 28, 1959 in Troitsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia
Position: Head of Administration under the President of the Russian Federation
Additional information: Kozhin was appointed the Head of Administration under the President of the Russian Federation by Putin on Jan. 21, 2000. He has served continuously in that position until the present time. Kohzin is responsible for overseeing a staff of 60,000, over a hundred enterprises and institutions including the Kremlin and several other government buildings, and over four thousand vehicles. Kohzin’s positions have been variously referred to as Head of Administration, Head of the Presidential Affairs Office, Head of the Presidential Business Management Directorate of the Russian Federation, and head of the Presidential Property Management Directorate.
Valentina I. Matviyenko
Born: Apr. 7, 1949 in Shepetovka, Khmelnitsky, Ukraine
Position: Federation Council Speaker; Chairman of the Russian Federation Council
Born: Aug. 7, 1954 in Pochyot, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia
Yelena B. Mizulina
Born: Dec. 9, 1954 in Bui, Kostroma, Russia
Position: State Duma Deputy; Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Family, Women and Children
Sergei M. Mironov
Born: Feb. 14, 1953 in Pushkin, St. Petersburg, Russia
Position: Member of the Council of the State Duma; Leader of A Just Russia Party; Member of the State Duma Committee on Housing Policy and Housing and Communal Services
Sergey Y. Naryshkin
Born: Oct. 27, 1954 in St. Petersburg, Russia
Additional information: Naryshkin has been the Chairman of the Government Duma of the Federal Gathering of the Russian Federation since December 2011. Additionally, he is a member of the National Security Council of the Russian Federation and of the United Russia party.
Viktor A. Ozerov
Born: Jan. 5, 1958 in Abakan, Khakassia, Russia
Position: Chairman of the Security and Defense Federation Council of the Russian Federation
Additional information: On March 1, 2014, Ozerov supported Russian President Vladimir Putin’s appeal regarding the use of the Russian Armed Forces in Ukraine.
Oleg E. Panteleev
Born: July 21, 1952 in Zhitnikovskoe, Kurgan Region, Russia
Position: First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Parliamentary Issues
Additional information: On March 1, 2014, Panteleev publicly supported the deployment of Russian forces in Ukraine.
Dmitry O. Rogozin
Born: Dec. 21, 1963 in Moscow, Russia
Position: Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
Nikolai I. Ryzhkov
Born: Sept. 28, 1929 in Duleevka, Donetsk Region, Ukraine
Position: Senator in the Russian Upper House of Parliament; Member of the Committee for Federal Issues, Regional Politics and the North of the Federation Council of the Russian Federation
Additional information: Ryzhkov publicly supported the deployment of Russian forces in Ukraine.
Igor D. Sergun
Born: March 28, 1957
Position: Lieutenant General; Chief of the Main Directorate of the General Staff; Deputy Chief of the General Staff; Head of Russia’s military intelligence service
Leonid E. Slutsky
Born: Jan. 4, 1968
Position: State Duma Deputy; Chairman of the Committee on Affairs of the Commonwealth of Independent States; First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on International Affairs; Chairman of the Russian World Fund Administration
Vladislav Y. Surkov
Born: Sept. 21, 1964 in Solntsevo, Lipetsk, Russia
Position: Presidential Aide to Vladimir Putin
Aleksandr B. Totoonov
Born: March 3, 1957 in Ordzhonikidze, North Ossetia, Russia
Position: Member of the Committee on Culture, Science, and Information, Federation Council of the Russian Federation
Additional information: On March 1, 2014, Totoonov publicly supported the deployment of Russian forces in Ukraine.
Born: June 30, 1948 in Vladimir Oblast, Russia
Position: Chairman of the board of the Russian state-owned company Russian
Additional information: Yakunin is being designated because of his official position in the Russian government, but he is also a close confidant of Putin. Yakunin regularly consults with Putin on issues regarding the Russian Railways company. In addition, Yakunin accompanies Putin on many domestic and international visits. Yakunin met Putin while both were working in St. Petersburg. Yakunin decided to create a business center in the city and contacted Putin for his support. In addition, Yakunin became a member of the board of the Baltic Maritime Steamship Company on Putin’s instructions. Yakunin and Putin were also neighbors in the elite dacha community on the shore of Lake Komsomolsk and they served as cofounders of the Ozero Dacha Cooperative in November 1996.
Sergei V. Zheleznyak
Born: July 30, 1970 in St. Petersburg, Russia
Position: Deputy Speaker of the State Duma of the Russian Federation
Yuri V. Kovalchuk
Born: July 25, 1951 in St. Petersburg, Russia
Position: Kovalchuk is the largest single shareholder of Bank Rossiya and is also the personal banker for senior officials of the Russian Federation including Putin. Kovalchuk is a close advisor to President Putin and has been referred to as one of his “cashiers,” according to the U.S> Treasury Department.
Arkady and Boris Rotenberg
Born: Dec. 15, 1951 and Jan. 3, 1957, in St. Petersburg, Russia
Additional information: Arkady and Boris Rotenberg have provided support to Putin’s pet projects by receiving and executing high price contracts for the Sochi Olympic Games and state-controlled Gazprom. They have made billions of dollars in contracts for Gazprom and the Sochi Winter Olympics awarded to them by Putin. Both brothers have amassed enormous amounts of wealth during the years of Putin’s rule in Russia. The Rotenberg brothers received approximately $7 billion in contracts for the Sochi Olympic Games and their personal wealth has increased by $2.5 billion in the last two years alone.
Gennady N. Timchenko
Born: Nov. 9, 1952 in Leninakan, Armenia
Additional information: Timchenko is one of the founders of Gunvor, one of the world’s largest independent commodity trading companies involved in the oil and energy markets. Timchenko’s activities in the energy sector have been directly linked to Putin. Putin has investments in Gunvor and may have access to Gunvor funds, according to the U.S. Treasury Department.
Viktor Y. Yanukovych
Born: July 9, 1950 in Yenakiyeve, Donetsk Region, Ukraine
Position: Former President of Ukraine
Sources: U.S. Treasury Department, Bloomberg News reporting