Newspapers: Take a Cue From Startups and Get Cloudy
Everyone knows that newspapers are in a tough spot, with most dealing with flat or declining circulation and advertising revenue looking fairly dismal. Short of closing down the print operation and going online only, as some papers have done (and some investment experts have advised), is there anything that existing publishers can do to make their lives a little easier—and more importantly make their bottom lines a little better? A recent presentation by Toby Wright, chief technology officer at the Telegraph Media Group—publisher of Britain's The Daily Telegraph, one of the world's oldest newspapers—suggests that they can take a tip from startups when it comes to being more efficient: Namely, use cloud-computing services.
In his talk at the Cloud Computing World Forum in London, Wright described how the organization is using cloud services for a range of different functions (tip o' the hat to Roy Greenslade for spotting this). The list includes:
Google Apps—for e-mail and collaboration tools (document sharing, etc.)
Salesforce—to manage the newspaper's reader subscription system
SuccessFactor—for human resource management
Disqus—for managing of online comments and forums
Amazon EC2—for hosting real-time analytics
Ooyala—for hosting and distributing video content
To me, all this sounds very much like the many blog networks and other content providers that use cloud services for publishing their content (in fact, GigaOM uses some of the same services, including Ooyala and Google Apps). The newspaper doesn't use hosted services or cloud apps for the actual publishing of its content, however, the way many blogs do (including GigaOM, which uses Wordpress—see disclosure below), presumably because it sees this as too important to hand over to someone else, or because it can't make the transition from the kind of legacy software that most modern newspapers use to publish their content.
Better Security, Too
Other newspapers (including Britain's The Guardian, which also recently launched its own API platform to distribute its content online) use Google Apps and in some cases Amazon.com's EC2 or S3, but based on Wright's description, the newspaper is one of the most advanced when it comes to using multiple cloud services.
The Telegraph Group's CTO didn't say exactly what kind of impact the move to cloud services has had in financial terms, but he did say that from now on, the news group plans to make all of its new business ventures cloud-based. The CTO said the company has no interest even in managing servers that are hosted somewhere else, or what he called "virtual tin." And according to the report at CIO.com, Wright said he believed using cloud services would be more secure than managing those services internally, because most cloud providers actually have more stringent security than the newspaper group does.
If other newspaper executives aren't paying attention to what the Telegraph Group is doing, they should. After all, newspaper companies eventually got used to the idea that they didn't have to own and operate their own printing plants and outsourced that function to companies that specialize in doing so—and the publishers saved a ton of money as a result. Why not do the same for comment management, customer-relationship software, and server hosting? What smart newspaper companies do best is create, aggregate, and distribute great content—it shouldn't matter who is running the tech that powers that process.
Disclosure: Automattic, the maker of WordPress, is backed by True Ventures, a venture capital firm that is an investor in the parent company of this blog, Giga Omni Media. Om Malik, founder of Giga Omni Media, is also a venture partner at True.
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