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Markets & Finance

Stocks That Are Sagging under Debt


By Michael Kaye Leverage, when judiciously applied, can benefit a company greatly -- especially when economic times are good. That's because a company's borrowing costs can be easily covered if revenues and cash flow are strong.

However, what happens when a company has a significant degree of leverage -- and its financial performance suffers? That's the question we posed for this week's screen. We looked for companies with a

long-term debt-to-capital ratio above 40%.

From that list, we looked for those outfits performing poorly, as measured by

return on equity (ROE). We sifted for businesses with an ROE below 5% (by comparison, the average ROE for companies in the S&P 500-stock index is just above 9%) -- a potential signal that their performance may be hindered by their high debt levels. This could spell trouble for their stockholders -- and signal a greater degree of risk in owning the shares.

Just to make sure that the prospects for these stocks were poor on a fundamental basis, we looked for those with S&P's two lowest investment rankings: 1 STAR (sell) and 2 STARS (avoid). That means our analysts expect them to underperform the overall market by a significant degree over the next 6 to 12 months.

Here are the seven stocks that emerged:

High leverage, poor returns

Company/ticker

S&P STARS Rank

Boise Cascade (BCC)

2

GATX Corp. (GMT)

1

Owens-Illinois (OI)

1

Park Place Entertainment (PPE)

1

Valero Energy (VLO)

2

Weyerhaeuser (WY)

2

Xerox (XRX)

2

Kaye is a portfolio services analyst for Standard & Poor's


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