The major conclusions and recommendations reached by President Clinton's bioethics commission in July, 1999
-- Current regulations on human-tissue research "are inadequate to ensure the ethical use of human biological materials in research."
-- Research on coded or identified tissue samples should fall under the same rules as research on human subjects.
-- Patients' consent for use of their tissues must be obtained separately from consent for medical procedures.
-- Results of human-tissue research should be disclosed to subjects only if the findings have important implications for the subjects' health and if there is a treatment available to address those implications.
-- The National Institutes of Health and others should continue efforts to educate researchers about the ethical issues relating to human-tissue research.