U.S. attempts to forge a post-Taliban government under U.N. auspices need to go faster. The problem: Getting Pashtun leaders in the south to negotiate with the largely Tajik and Uzbek Northern Alliance that now commands most of the country.
The absence of Taliban representatives in a new Afghani reconstruction government could provoke explosive unrest at home for Pakistani ruler Musharraf. To temper any backlash, Musharraf is calling for an all-Islamic peacekeeping force for Afghanistan.
With winter coming and hundreds of thousands of Afghan refugees huddled in makeshift camps, allies are under pressure to step up relief efforts. The U.S. may be able to use liberated air bases to begin supplying food and medicine to civilians.