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Table: R&D's Biggest Spenders


Science & Technology: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

TABLE: R&D's Biggest Spenders

BY TOTAL SPENDING

1994 R&D EXPENSES

MILLIONS

1 GENERAL MOTORS $7,036

2 FORD MOTOR 5,214

3 IBM 3,382

4 AT&T 3,110

5 HEWLETT-PACKARD 2,027

6 MOTOROLA 1,860

7 BOEING 1,704

8 DIGITAL EQUIPMENT 1,301

9 CHRYSLER 1,300

10 JOHNSON & JOHNSON 1,278

BY SPENDING PER EMPLOYEE

1994 R&D EXPENSES

PER EMPLOYEE

1 BIOGEN $210,654

2 GENETICS INSTITUTE 114,943

3 GENENTECH 112,030

4 IMMUNEX 102,719

5 AMGEN 91,266

6 S3 82,548

7 CYRIX 80,113

8 ADOBE SYSTEMS 70,993

9 PLATINUM TECHNOLOGY 69,787

10 ALTERA 68,956

AND IN RELATION TO SALES

1994 R&D EXPENSES

AS PERCENT OF SALES

1 GENETICS INSTITUTE 82.6

2 BIOGEN 65.0

3 PLATINUM TECHNOLOGY 54.2

4 IMMUNEX 53.7

5 CHIRON 44.7

6 GENENTECH 40.8

7 CONTINUUM 34.3

8 VIEWLOGIC SYSTEMS 30.8

9 ALZA 29.2

10 MacNEAL-SCHWENDLER 29.2


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