Top of the News: BUSINESS WEEK/HARRIS POLL
AMERICANS RESENT JAPAN'S NO-SHOW IN THE GULF
Iraq may have lost the shooting war, but Japan lost the public relations war. Fully 73% of the American public believes Japan got away without contributing its fair share to coalition forces in the gulf. And although Germany pledged only half as much money as Japan to the war effort, Japan consistently fares worse than Germany on several war-related issues. Only 46% of the public feels Germany did not do its fair share, the same percentage that wants tougher trade policies with Germany in the war's aftermath. In contrast, 68% would like a harder line on trade with Japan for its behavior during the war, and 64% say they are less likely to buy Japanese products. Only 28% admire Japan's economic success a great deal. That's more than for Germany, but sharply down from the 49% the last time we asked that question in 1989. And Germany ranks higher as a foreign policy partner for the U. S.
RATING SUCCESS AND LEADERSHIP
-- How much admiration do you have for...?
A great very None Not
deal Some much at all sure
Japan's economic success 28% 41% 13% 15% 3%
success 16% 46% 19% 15% 4%
Japan as a real world leader 9% 34% 30% 25% 2%
Germany as a real world leader 7% 35% 33% 24% 1%
JAPAN DIDN'T CARRY ITS WEIGHT . . .
-- Japan gets 60% of its oil from the Persian Gulf. It pledged $13 billion to help cover costs, but sent no troops or military equipment to support the coalition forces in the Persian Gulf. Do you think this was a sufficient contribution, or did the Japanese get away without contributing their fair share?
Sufficient contribution 22%
Got away without contributing their fair share 73%
Not sure 5%
. . . BUT GERMANY IS ANOTHER STORY
-- Germany gets 10% of its oil from the Persian Gulf. It pledged $6.5 billion and sent materiel and a squadron of fighter planes that did not see combat. Do you think this was a sufficient contribution, or did the Germans get away without contributing their fair share?
Sufficient contribution 47%
Got away without contributing their fair share 46%
Not sure 7 %
RIPPLES FROM THE GULF
-- Did what happened in the Persian Gulf cause you to think more positively or more negatively about . . . ?
More More No Not
positively negatively change sure
Japan 11% 56% 28% 5%
Germany 28% 35% 31% 6%
FROM HARD FEELINGS TO A HARD LINE
-- Would you like to see the U. S. take a tougher line on trade with each of the following countries for its failure to do more to help the coalition in the gulf, or not?
Take a Not take a Not
tougher line tougher line sure
Japan 68% 28% 4%
Germany 46% 47% 7%
TO BUY OR NOT TO BUY
-- Considering the behavior of each of the following countries, are you more or less likely to buy products made in . . .?
More Less No Not
likely likely change sure
Japan 7% 64% 27% 2%
Germany 16% 52% 31% 1%
WHOM CAN WE COUNT ON?
-- How reliable a partner do you feel each of the following countries is for the U. S. in carrying out our objectives in foreign policy: highly reliable, somewhat reliable, not very reliable, or not reliable at all?
Highly Somewhat Not very reliable Not
reliable reliable reliable at all sure
Japan 4% 47% 31% 15% 3%
Germany 7% 59% 21% 9% 4%
WHERE THE REAL THREAT LIES
--If you had to say, which do you now think is a more serious threat to the future of this country--the military threat from the Soviet Union or the economic threat from Japan or Germany?
Economic threat from Japan 72% from Germany 34%
Soviet military threat 20% Soviet military threat 54%
No difference 5% No difference 6%
Not sure 3% Not sure 6%
Poll of 1,255 adults conducted Mar. 15-19 for BUSINESS WEEK by Louis Harris & Associates Inc. Results should be accurate to within three percentage points.Edited by Christopher Power