Why a LinkedIn Acquisition of Pulse Would Make Sense
Photograph by David Paul Morris/Bloomberg
According to a number of reports from insiders close to the company—including some who have talked to GigaOM’s Om Malik and others who have talked to AllThingsD.com—LinkedIn (LNKD) is considering an acquisition of news-reading app Pulse for as much as $100 million. At first glance it might seem like an odd pairing: Why would a site that’s focused on corporate networking want to buy a content-recommendation app? As the world of content continues to evolve, though, such a combination actually makes a lot of sense.
Pulse is one of several news-recommendation apps that try to apply algorithms and other filters to suggest content to users—a group that includes Zite (which was acquired by CNN (TWX) in 2011), as well as News360, Flipboard, and Prismatic. Pulse was one of the first to make a big splash, in part because Apple (AAPL) founder Steve Jobs mentioned it onstage during the launch of the original iPad, and also because the New York Times accused the company of copyright infringement for aggregating the newspaper’s content.
Since its launch, Pulse has grown to the point where it has about 20 million users, but it’s still seen by many as a runner-up to Flipboard in the news-recommendation market, so an acquisition in the $100 million range would likely be a good deal for the company and its backers.
For LinkedIn, meanwhile, the purchase of a service that aggregates and recommends content from a wide variety of news sources would be an interesting extension of its recent moves to bulk up the media side of its business. When the company first launched its LinkedIn Today service—which aggregates news based on which links are shared within a user’s network of contacts—it seemed to some (including me) like a side project designed primarily to drive traffic to the site, which was mostly being used as a place to store a résumé or connect with potential employers.
Since then, however, LinkedIn has made a handful of other efforts—directed by former Fortune magazine staffer Dan Roth—on the content side that are more ambitious, including the launch of the Influencers program, in which the site gets prominent personalities such as Richard Branson and Reid Hoffman to blog about topics of interest to its users. In many ways, this is analogous to what alternative blogging platforms like Medium and Svbtle have been doing (and what WordPress seems to be interested in doing as well).
So what could LinkedIn do with Pulse? Peter Kafka of AllThingsD.com has one idea, which is based on a video Roth made for a Fortune app that had LinkedIn integration: Users could see whom they were connected to at a specific company that was mentioned in the news. But while this might be useful to some, it seems a lot less interesting than using the app as a kind of extension of LinkedIn Today—in other words, a way of recommending content that would target users based on their interests.
As we’ve tried to explain in past articles, this kind of “interest graph” targeting is the holy grail for both content companies and social networks. It’s the reason Facebook (FB) is constantly tweaking its News Feed, why Twitter is pouring resources into improving recommendation filters like its Discover tab and other features, and why Google (GOOG) is trying so hard to get people to share and “plus one” more content through its Google+ network.
If there’s one overwhelming reality of the digital age, it’s that we’re all to some extent drowning in content from an ever-growing range of sources, and we all spend an increasing amount of time trying to filter out the noise and find the signal. LinkedIn has a large (and expanding) graph of the social network connections between people based on their work—a graph some believe could make the company an acquisition target for a company like Bloomberg (the parent of Businessweek.com)—and that could potentially be very valuable for users.
So a LinkedIn-Pulse combination might start as a version of the app that functions almost exactly like the current version but also tracks content shared by a user’s business-related graph from LinkedIn, and then grows into a larger service incorporated into the site itself. And data from such a service would likely also be very interesting to Pulse partners such as the Wall Street Journal that use the app as a secondary method of generating distribution and subscription revenue.
If such a deal does end up happening, of course, a LinkedIn purchase of Pulse would be just another example of a non-media company (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, etc.) establishing a powerful foothold in an area of the business that has traditionally belonged to newspapers and magazines.
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