Celgene Receives Positive CHMP Opinion for ABRAXANE® in Combination with Gemcitabine as Treatment for Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Business Wire BOUDRY, Switzerland -- November 22, 2013 Celgene International Sàrl, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Celgene Corporation (NASDAQ: CELG), today announced that the European Medicines Agency’s (EMA): Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) has adopted a positive opinion for ABRAXANE (paclitaxel formulated as albumin bound nanoparticles, or nab-paclitaxel) in combination with gemcitabine for first-line treatment of adult patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. The CHMP reviews applications for all 28 member states in the European Union (EU), as well as Norway and Iceland. The European Commission, which generally follows the recommendation of the CHMP, is expected to make its final decision within two to three months. The pancreas is composed of two main cell types: exocrine and endocrine. Adenocarcinoma is a sub-type of exocrine tumors and accounts for about 95% of cancers of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer is currently the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the EU for men and women.^1 Death rates from the disease are predicted to rise from 7.85 in 2009 to 8.01 in 2013 per 100,000 among men, and from 5.33 to 5.54 per 100,000 among women in same period[.]^1 In fact, the pancreas is the only major cancer site for which no improvements in mortality rates is predicated for either sex.^1 There have been no new treatments approved for pancreatic cancer in nearly seven years. “The positive CHMP opinion on ABRAXANE with gemcitabine for metastatic pancreatic cancer is a significant step toward bringing the first new treatment option in many years to people diagnosed with this deadly disease, which has seen multiple clinical trial failures over the years,” said Alan Colowick, MD, President of Celgene Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA). “Following a positive decision by the European Commission within the next few months, we hope to begin the important work of helping physicians and patients gain access to ABRAXANE plus gemcitabine, which has demonstrated statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in overall survival compared to gemcitabine alone, as reported recently in the New England Journal of Medicine.” The CHMP positive opinion was based on the results of the MPACT (Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Clinical Trial), an open-label, phase III, randomized, international study published in the New England Journal of Medicine in its 16 October 2013 e-publication. The MPACT study involved 861 chemotherapy-naïve patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer at 151 community and academic centers from 11 countries, including North America, Eastern and Western Europe and Australia. In the study, nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in median overall survival compared to gemcitabine alone (8.5 vs. 6.7 months) (HR 0.72, P<0.0001); a 28% overall reduction in risk of death.^2 Grade 3 and higher adverse events that were reported more often with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine versus gemcitabine alone were neutropenia, leukopenia, fatigue, and peripheral neuropathy. About ABRAXANE^® ABRAXANE is an albumin-bound form of paclitaxel that is manufactured using patented nab^® technology. ABRAXANE is formulated with albumin, a human protein, and is free of solvents. In Europe, ABRAXANE was approved in January 2008 as monotherapy for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer in adult patients who have failed first-line treatment for metastatic disease and for whom standard, anthracycline containing therapy is not indicated. In the United States, ABRAXANE was first approved in January 2005 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of breast cancer after failure of combination chemotherapy for metastatic disease or relapse within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy. Prior therapy should have included an anthracycline unless clinically contraindicated. ABRAXANE has been globally approved in more than forty countries for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC). In October 2012, ABRAXANE was approved by the FDA for the first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in combination with carboplatin, in patients who are not candidates for curative surgery or radiation therapy. ABRAXANE is also approved for the treatment of NSCLC in Argentina, Australia, Japan, and New Zealand. In September 2013, the FDA approved ABRAXANE as first–line treatment of patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, in combination with gemcitabine. Important Safety Information Based on Approved U.S. Label WARNING - NEUTROPENIA -- Do not administer ABRAXANE therapy to patients who have baseline neutrophil counts of less than 1500 cells/mm^3. In order to monitor the occurrence of bone marrow suppression, primarily neutropenia, which may be severe and result in infection, it is recommended that frequent peripheral blood cell counts be performed on all patients receiving ABRAXANE -- Note: An albumin form of paclitaxel may substantially affect a drug’s functional properties relative to those of drug in solution. DO NOT SUBSTITUTE FOR OR WITH OTHER PACLITAXEL FORMULATIONS CONTRAINDICATIONS Neutrophil Counts *ABRAXANE should not be used in patients who have baseline neutrophil counts of <1500cells/mm^3 Hypersensitivity *Patients who experience a severe hypersensitivity reaction to ABRAXANE should not be rechallenged with the drug WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS Hematologic Effects *Bone marrow suppression (primarily neutropenia) is dose-dependent and a dose-limiting toxicity of ABRAXANE. In clinical studies, Grade 3-4 neutropenia occurred in 34% of patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), 47% of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and 38% of patients with pancreatic cancer *Monitor for myelotoxicity by performing complete blood cell counts frequently, including prior to dosing on Day 1 (for MBC) and Days 1, 8, and 15 (for NSCLC and for pancreatic cancer) *Do not administer ABRAXANE to patients with baseline absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) of less than 1500 cells/mm^3 *In the case of severe neutropenia (<500 cells/mm^3 for 7 days or more) during a course of ABRAXANE therapy, reduce the dose of ABRAXANE in subsequent courses in patients with either MBC or NSCLC *In patients with MBC, resume treatment with every-3-week cycles of ABRAXANE after ANC recovers to a level >1500 cells/mm^3 and platelets recover to a level >100,000cells/mm^3 *In patients with NSCLC, resume treatment if recommended at permanently reduced doses for both weekly ABRAXANE and every-3-week carboplatin after ANC recovers to at least 1500cells/mm^3 and platelet count of at least 100,000 cells/mm^3 on Day 1 or to an ANC of at least 500 cells/mm^3 and platelet count of at least 50,000 cells/mm^3 on Days 8 or 15 of the cycle *In patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, withhold ABRAXANE and gemcitabine if the ANC is less than 500 cells/mm^3 or platelets are less than 50,000cells/mm^3 and delay initiation of the next cycle if the ANC is less than1500 cells/mm^3 or platelet count is less than 100,000 cells/mm^3 on Day 1 of the cycle. Resume treatment with appropriate dose reduction if recommended Nervous System *Sensory neuropathy is dose- and schedule-dependent *The occurrence of Grade 1 or 2 sensory neuropathy does not generally require dose modification *If ≥ Grade 3 sensory neuropathy develops, withhold ABRAXANE treatment until resolution to Grade 1 or 2 for MBC or until resolution to ≤Grade 1 for NSCLC and pancreatic cancer followed by a dose reduction for all subsequent courses of ABRAXANE Sepsis *Sepsis occurred in 5% of patients with or without neutropenia who received ABRAXANE in combination with gemcitabine *Biliary obstruction or presence of biliary stent were risk factors for severe or fatal sepsis *If a patient becomes febrile (regardless of ANC), initiate treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics *For febrile neutropenia, interrupt ABRAXANE and gemcitabine until fever resolves and ANC ≥1500 cells/mm^3, then resume treatment at reduced dose levels Pneumonitis *Pneumonitis, including some cases that were fatal, occurred in 4% of patients receiving ABRAXANE in combination with gemcitabine *Monitor patients for signs and symptoms and interrupt ABRAXANE and gemcitabine during evaluation of suspected pneumonitis *Permanently discontinue treatment with ABRAXANE and gemcitabine upon making a diagnosis of pneumonitis Hypersensitivity *Severe and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylactic reactions, have been reported *Patients who experience a severe hypersensitivity reaction to ABRAXANE should not be rechallenged with this drug Hepatic Impairment *Because the exposure and toxicity of paclitaxel can be increased with hepatic impairment, administration of ABRAXANE in patients with hepatic impairment should be performed with caution *For MBC and NSCLC, the starting dose should be reduced for patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment *For pancreatic adenocarcinoma, ABRAXANE is not recommended for patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment Albumin (Human) *ABRAXANE contains albumin (human), a derivative of human blood Use in Pregnancy: Pregnancy Category D *ABRAXANE can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman *If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while receiving this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus *Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant while receiving ABRAXANE Use in Men *Men should be advised not to father a child while receiving ABRAXANE ADVERSE REACTIONS Randomized Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) Study *The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) with single-agent use of ABRAXANE vs paclitaxel injection in the MBC study are alopecia (90%, 94%), neutropenia (all cases 80%, 82%; severe 9%, 22%), sensory neuropathy (any symptoms 71%, 56%; severe 10%, 2%), abnormal ECG (all patients 60%, 52%; patients with normal baseline 35%, 30%), fatigue/asthenia (any 47%, 39%; severe 8%, 3%), myalgia/arthralgia (any 44%, 49%; severe 8%, 4%), AST elevation (any 39%, 32%), alkaline phosphatase elevation (any 36%, 31%), anemia (any 33%, 25%; severe 1%, <1%), nausea (any 30%, 22%; severe 3%, <1%), diarrhea (any 27%, 15%; severe <1%, 1%) and infections (24%, 20%), respectively *Sensory neuropathy was the cause of ABRAXANE discontinuation in 7/229 (3%) patients *Other adverse reactions of note with the use of ABRAXANE vs paclitaxel injection included vomiting (any 18%, 10%; severe 4%, 1%), fluid retention (any 10%, 8%; severe 0%, <1%), mucositis (any 7%, 6%; severe <1%, 0%), hepatic dysfunction (elevations in bilirubin 7%, 7%), hypersensitivity reactions (any 4%, 12%; severe 0%, 2%), thrombocytopenia (any 2%, 3%; severe <1%, <1%), neutropenic sepsis (<1%, <1%), and injection site reactions (<1%, 1%), respectively. Dehydration and pyrexia were also reported *Renal dysfunction (any 11%, severe 1%) was reported in patients treated with ABRAXANE (n=229) *In all ABRAXANE-treated patients (n=366), ocular/visual disturbances were reported (any 13%; severe 1%) *Severe cardiovascular events possibly related to single-agent ABRAXANE occurred in approximately 3% of patients and included cardiac ischemia/infarction, chest pain, cardiac arrest, supraventricular tachycardia, edema, thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism, pulmonary emboli, and hypertension *Cases of cerebrovascular attacks (strokes) and transient ischemic attacks have been reported Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Study *The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) of ABRAXANE in combination with carboplatin are anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, alopecia, peripheral neuropathy, nausea, and fatigue *The most common serious adverse reactions of ABRAXANE in combination with carboplatin for NSCLC are anemia (4%) and pneumonia (3%) *The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of ABRAXANE are neutropenia (3%), thrombocytopenia (3%), and peripheral neuropathy (1%) *The most common adverse reactions resulting in dose reduction of ABRAXANE are neutropenia (24%), thrombocytopenia (13%), and anemia (6%) *The most common adverse reactions leading to withholding or delay in ABRAXANE dosing are neutropenia (41%), thrombocytopenia (30%), and anemia (16%) *The following common (≥10% incidence) adverse reactions were observed at a similar incidence in ABRAXANE plus carboplatin–treated and paclitaxel injection plus carboplatin–treated patients: alopecia (56%), nausea (27%), fatigue (25%), decreased appetite (17%), asthenia (16%), constipation (16%), diarrhea (15%), vomiting (12%), dyspnea (12%), and rash (10%); incidence rates are for the ABRAXANE plus carboplatin treatment group *Adverse reactions with a difference of ≥2%, Grade 3 or higher, with combination use of ABRAXANE and carboplatin vs combination use of paclitaxel injection and carboplatin in NSCLC are anemia (28%, 7%), neutropenia (47%, 58%), thrombocytopenia (18%, 9%), and peripheral neuropathy (3%, 12%), respectively *Adverse reactions with a difference of ≥5%, Grades 1-4, with combination use of ABRAXANE and carboplatin vs combination use of paclitaxel injection and carboplatin in NSCLC are anemia (98%, 91%), thrombocytopenia (68%, 55%), peripheral neuropathy (48%, 64%), edema peripheral (10%, 4%), epistaxis (7%, 2%), arthralgia (13%, 25%), and myalgia (10%,19%), respectively *Neutropenia (all grades) was reported in 85% of patients who received ABRAXANE and carboplatin vs 83% of patients who received paclitaxel injection and carboplatin Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Study *Among the most common (≥20%) adverse reactions in the phase III study, those with a ≥5% higher incidence in the ABRAXANE/gemcitabine group compared with the gemcitabine group are neutropenia (73%, 58%), fatigue (59%, 46%), peripheral neuropathy (54%,13%), nausea (54%, 48%), alopecia (50%, 5%), peripheral edema (46%, 30%), diarrhea (44%, 24%), pyrexia (41%, 28%), vomiting (36%, 28%), decreased appetite (36%, 26%), rash (30%, 11%), and dehydration (21%, 11%) *Of these most common adverse reactions, those with a ≥2% higher incidence of Grade 3-4 toxicity in the ABRAXANE/gemcitabine group compared with the gemcitabine group, respectively, are neutropenia (38%, 27%), fatigue (18%,9%), peripheral neuropathy (17%, 1%), nausea (6%, 3%), diarrhea (6%, 1%), pyrexia (3%,1%), vomiting (6%, 4%), decreased appetite (5%, 2%), and dehydration (7%, 2%) *Thrombocytopenia (all grades) was reported in 74% of patients in the ABRAXANE/gemcitabine group vs 70% of patients in the gemcitabine group *The most common serious adverse reactions of ABRAXANE (with a ≥1% higher incidence) are pyrexia (6%), dehydration (5%), pneumonia (4%), and vomiting (4%) *The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of ABRAXANE were peripheral neuropathy (8%), fatigue (4%), and thrombocytopenia (2%) *The most common adverse reactions resulting in dose reduction of ABRAXANE are neutropenia (10%) and peripheral neuropathy (6%) *The most common adverse reactions leading to withholding or delay in ABRAXANE dosing are neutropenia (16%), thrombocytopenia (12%), fatigue (8%), peripheral neuropathy (15%), anemia (5%), and diarrhea (5%) *Other selected adverse reactions with a ≥5% higher incidence for all-grade toxicity in the ABRAXANE/gemcitabine group compared to the gemcitabine group, respectively, are asthenia (19%, 13%), mucositis (10%, 4%), dysgeusia (16%, 8%), headache (14%, 9%), hypokalemia (12%, 7%), cough (17%, 7%), epistaxis (15%,3%), urinary tract infection (11%, 5%), pain in extremity (11%, 6%), arthralgia (11%, 3%), myalgia (10%, 4%), and depression (12%, 6%) *Other selected adverse reactions with a ≥2% higher incidence for Grade 3-4 toxicity in the ABRAXANE/gemcitabine group compared to the gemcitabine group are thrombocytopenia (13%, 9%), asthenia (7%, 4%), and hypokalemia (4%, 1%) Postmarketing Experience With ABRAXANE and Other Paclitaxel Formulations *Severe and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reactions have been reported with ABRAXANE. The use of ABRAXANE in patients previously exhibiting hypersensitivity to paclitaxel injection or human albumin has not been studied *There have been reports of congestive heart failure, left ventricular dysfunction, and atrioventricular block with ABRAXANE, primarily among individuals with underlying cardiac history or prior exposure to cardiotoxic drugs *There have been reports of extravasation of ABRAXANE. Given the possibility of extravasation, it is advisable to monitor closely the ABRAXANE infusion site for possible infiltration during drug administration DRUG INTERACTIONS *Caution should be exercised when administering ABRAXANE concomitantly with medicines known to inhibit or induce either CYP2C8 or CYP3A4 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS Nursing Mothers *It is not known whether paclitaxel is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother Pediatric *The safety and effectiveness of ABRAXANE in pediatric patients have not been evaluated Geriatric *No toxicities occurred notably more frequently among patients ≥65years of age who received ABRAXANE for MBC *Myelosuppression, peripheral neuropathy, and arthralgia were more frequent in patients ≥65years of age treated with ABRAXANE and carboplatin in NSCLC *Diarrhea, decreased appetite, dehydration, and epistaxis were more frequent in patients 65years or older compared with patients younger than 65 years old who received ABRAXANE and gemcitabine in adenocarcinoma of the pancreas Renal Impairment *The use of ABRAXANE has not been studied in patients with renal impairment DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION *For MBC and NSCLC, dose adjustment is recommended for patients with moderate and severe hepatic impairment. Withhold ABRAXANE if AST >10 x ULN or if bilirubin >5 x ULN *For adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, withhold ABRAXANE if bilirubin ≥1.26 x ULN or if AST >10 x ULN *Dose reductions or discontinuation may be needed based on severe hematologic, neurologic, cutaneous, or gastrointestinal toxicity *Monitor patients closely Please see full Prescribing Information, including Boxed WARNING at http://abraxane.com/downloads/Abraxane_PrescribingInformation.pdf About Celgene Celgene Corporation, headquartered in Summit, New Jersey, is an integrated global pharmaceutical company engaged primarily in the discovery, development and commercialization of innovative therapies for the treatment of cancer and inflammatory diseases through gene and protein regulation. Celgene International Sàrl, located in Boudry, Switzerland, is a wholly owned subsidiary and international headquarters of Celgene Corporation. For more information, please visit www.celgene.com. Forward-Looking Statements This press release contains forward-looking statements, which are generally statements that are not historical facts. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the words "expects," "anticipates," "believes," "intends," "estimates," "plans," "will," “outlook” and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current plans, estimates, assumptions and projections, and speak only as of the date they are made. Celgene Corporation undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement in light of new information or future events, except as otherwise required by law. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and are generally beyond our control. Actual results or outcomes may differ materially from those implied by the forward-looking statements as a result of the impact of a number of factors, many of which are discussed in more detail in Celgene Corporation’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and its other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. ### ^1 Malvezzi M et al., Annals of Oncology 2013, 1-9 ^2 Von Hoff DD, et al. N Engl J Med 2013; 369:1691-1703 Contact: Celgene Investors: +41 32 729 8303 firstname.lastname@example.org or Media: +41 32 729 8304 email@example.com
Celgene Receives Positive CHMP Opinion for ABRAXANE® in Combination with Gemcitabine as Treatment for Patients with Metastatic
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