New Guidelines Recommend Fidaxomicin for All Patients Who Are Suitable for Oral Antibiotic Treatment for Clostridium Difficile Infection PR Newswire CHERTSEY, England, October 29, 2013 CHERTSEY, England, October 29, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), a potentially fatal disease, has surpassed MRSA as the leading cause of healthcare-acquired infections in hospitals ^, The European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) has published new guidelines recommending fidaxomicin for all CDI patients suitable for oral antibiotic treatment. Specifically the guidelines recommend fidaxomicin as first line therapy in CDI patients with first recurrence or risk for recurrent disease and in patients with multiple recurrences of CDI. The guidelines also recommend fidaxomicin in patients with severe disease and non-severe CDI. ^ CDI is one of the most common causes of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and severe cases can lead to bowel surgery and even death. ^ Hospital patients with CDI are up to three times more likely to die in hospital (or within a month of infection) than those without CDI. ^, Recurrence is a major challenge in CDI treatment. 25% of CDI patients suffer a recurrence within one month ^,, and patients who have already had one recurrence have a 40% risk of a further episode of CDI. ^ "One of the biggest challenges to optimal CDI management is recurrence, therefore the significant reduction in disease recurrence by DIFICLIR compared with vancomycin is an important step in reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with CDI," comments Professor Oliver Cornely, University Hospital Cologne, Germany. "I welcome these guidelines and believe implementation of the recommendations will help to improve CDI care and reduce the burden on both patients and healthcare systems." Two large Phase III clinical studies comparing the efficacy and safety of 400mg/day oral fidaxomicin with 500mg/day oral vancomycin showed potential advantages of fidaxomicin over vancomycin, the standard of care. ^, Patients were eligible to participate in these trials with a confirmed diagnosis of CDI and included patients who were classified as having severe CDI as well as patients for whom CDI is an especial risk such as those patients who were elderly ^ or had concomitant diseases. ^,, Fidaxomicin significantly reduced the rate of CDI recurrence as compared with vancomycin, with patients treated with fidaxomicin significantly more likely than those receiving vancomycin to experience diarrhoea resolution without recurrence within 30 days of therapy completion. ^, Fidaxomicin also met its primary endpoint of clinical cure rate, which was equivalent to that of vancomycin. ^, Certain populations are at higher risk of CDI and are particularly vulnerable. CDI can be associated with a mortality rate as high as 14% in elderly patients ^ and hospitalised cancer patients treated for CDI experience longer hospital stays. ^ Progressive chronic kidney disease is associated with increased time to resolution of diarrhoea, lower cure rates, and higher incidence of recurrence in patients treated for CDI. ^ Patients in long term care facilities are particularly at risk and CDI recurrence rates can be as high as 50% over a six-month period when acquired in a long term care facility. ^ Mortality rates in intensive care unit patients over the age of 65 years have been reported to be as high as 45%. ^ In line with the revised ESCMID treatment guidance document DIFICLIR is recommended for patients who are suitable for oral antibiotic treatment in these vulnerable patient sub-populations. "CDI is potentially fatal and has a major impact on patients' health and quality of life. We hope adherence to these recommendations will lead to better management of CDI and the treatment of recurrence," said Ken Jones, President and CEO of Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd. The previous ESCMID guidance document was issued in 2009 ^ and has been widely applied in clinical practice. However, as new CDI treatments have been developed an update of this document was necessary to further improve uniformity of national CDI treatment policies in hospitals across Europe. To produce the updated guidelines, ESCMID and a team of experts from 11 European countries ran a computerised literature search to review randomised and non-randomised trials investigating the effect of an intervention on the clinical outcome of CDI. The revised 2013 guidelines provide an overview of currently available CDI treatment options and evidence-based recommendations on the treatment of CDI. ^ A full copy of the 2013 updated guidelines and their recommendations are available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1469-0691.12418/abstract NOTES FOR EDITORS About CDI CDI is a serious illness resulting from infection of the internal lining of the colon by C. difficile bacteria. The bacteria produce toxins that cause inflammation of the colon, diarrhoea and, in some cases, death. ^ Patients typically develop CDI after the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics that disrupt normal gastrointestinal flora, allowing C. difficile bacteria to flourish. ^, CDI has an enormous impact on healthcare systems and infected patients can stay in hospital an extra 1-3 weeks ^,, at an additional cost of up to €14,000, compared with patients without CDI. ^ About the update of the ESCMID treatment guidance document for CDI The ESCMID and an international team of experts from 11 European countries developed the revised treatment guidance document with the objectives to provide an overview of currently available CDI treatment options and to develop an evidence-based update of treatment recommendations. Treatment options that were reviewed include: antibiotics, toxin-binding resins and polymers, immunotherapy, probiotics and faecal or bacterial intestinal transplantation. ^ About Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd. Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd., located in the UK, is a European subsidiary of Tokyo-based Astellas Pharma Inc. Astellas is a pharmaceutical company dedicated to improving the health of people around the world through the provision of innovative and reliable pharmaceuticals. The organisation is committed to becoming a global company by combining outstanding R&D and marketing capabilities and continuing to grow in the world pharmaceutical market. Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd. is responsible for 21 affiliate offices located across Europe, the Middle East and Africa, an R&D site and three manufacturing plants. The company employs approximately 4,200 staff across these regions. For more information about Astellas Pharma Europe, please visit http://www.astellas.eu . References 1. 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Dubberke MD, Wertheimer AI. Review of current literature on the economic burden of Clostridium difficile infection. Infect Contr Hosp Epidemiol . 2009; 30(1):57-66. 25. Magalini S, et al . An economic evaluation of Clostridium difficile infection management in an Italian hospital environment. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2012;16:2136-41. Contact: For further information please contact: Donna Wright, Ruder Finn, firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel: +44(0)20-7438-3085 ; Mindy Dooa, Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd., email@example.com, Tel: +44(0)1784-419-444
New Guidelines Recommend Fidaxomicin for All Patients Who Are Suitable for Oral Antibiotic Treatment for Clostridium Difficile
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