Subaru Among Elite Few Rated Superior In New IIHS Front Crash Prevention (FCP)
- Subaru Legacy sedan and Outback crossover are the only vehicles to receive
highest possible score of six points
- Legacy and Outback are two of seven models from 74 tested to receive highest
possible "Superior" rating
- In addition, the 2014 Legacy and Outback models are 2013 TSP+ award winners
CHERRY HILL, N.J., Sept. 27, 2013
CHERRY HILL, N.J., Sept. 27, 2013 /PRNewswire/ --Continuing its strong
performance in crash testing, Subaru has two models, the top-selling Subaru
Legacy sedan and Outback crossover, rated as "superior" in the new IIHS Front
Crash Prevention (FCP) test program. The FCP program was created as a result
of research by the Highway Loss Data Institute indicating that forward
collision warning and automatic braking systems, such as Subaru's EyeSight
system, are helping drivers avoid frontal crashes.
The Institute rated models with optional or standard front crash prevention
systems as superior, advanced or basic, depending on whether they offer
autonomous braking, or autobrake, and, if so, how effective it is in tests at
12 and 25 mph.
oSuperior rating is given to vehicles that have an autobraking system such
as Subaru EyeSight and can avoid a crash or substantially reduce speeds in
oAdvanced rating applies to vehicles with autobrake that can avoid a crash
or reduce speeds by at least 5 mph in one of two tests.
oBasic rating is for vehicles with a forward collision warning system that
meets National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) performance
In all, 74 vehicles (2013-14MY) were tested. Subaru's Legacy sedan and
Outback crossover were among the seven vehicles that received the "highest"
possible rating of "Superior" when equipped with optional autobrake and
forward collision warning systems. The 13MY/14MY Legacy and Outback were the
only vehicles that received the highest possible score of six points.
"We want to help get the most effective systems in as many vehicles as soon as
possible. That means a speed mitigation system like Subaru's EyeSight that can
prevent crashes at low and moderate speeds," said David Zuby, IIHS Chief
"Our buyers trust us to provide safety in their vehicles," said Thomas J.
Doll, president and COO, Subaru of America, Inc. "With all of our 2013 models
listed as IIHS Top Safety Picks and now the 2014MY Legacy and Outback models
tested to 2013 TSP+ and FCP status, this is further proof that we deliver on
The Subaru EyeSight system is available on the Subaru Forester, Legacy sedan
and Outback models and is one of the most affordable of such technologies
available. EyeSight uses two charge-coupled device (CCD) cameras developed by
Subaru and is mounted inside the car on the upper edge of the windshield, thus
reducing the potential for damage that could occur in bumper-mounted systems,
such as radar. The EyeSight system processes stereo images to identify the
vehicles traveling in front, as well as obstacles, traffic lanes and other
items. The video information is relayed to the EyeSight computer, which is
also networked with the car's braking system and electronic throttle control.
Below speeds of approximately 19mph, EyeSight is capable of detecting
pedestrians in the vehicle's path and can activate to mitigate or even avoid
the collision. Under certain circumstances, EyeSight is able to bring the car
to a complete stop, thus avoiding a collision.
The Institute's frontal crashworthiness evaluations are based on results of a
moderate overlap frontal and small overlap crash test. Each vehicle's overall
evaluation is based on measurements of intrusion into the occupant
compartment, injury measures recorded on a 50th percentile male Hybrid III
dummy in the driver seat, and analysis of slow-motion film to assess how well
the restraint system controlled dummy movement during the test.
Building on its long-running vehicle ratings program for consumer information,
IIHS introduced the small overlap test in 2012 to further improve occupant
protection in frontal crashes. Most automakers design their vehicles for good
performance in the IIHS moderate overlap frontal test and the federal
government's full-width frontal test, but many haven't addressed the problem
of small overlap crashes. In a 2009 IIHS study of vehicles with good ratings
for frontal crash protection, small overlap crashes accounted for nearly a
quarter of the frontal crashes involving serious or fatal injury to front seat
The small overlap test is a demanding crash that replicates what happens when
the front corner of a car collides with another vehicle or an object like a
tree or utility pole. In the test, 25 percent of a car's front end on the
driver side strikes a 5-foot-tall rigid barrier at 40 mph.
Side evaluations are based on performance in a crash test in which the side of
a vehicle is struck by a barrier moving at 31 mph. The barrier represents the
front end of a pickup or SUV. Ratings reflect injury measures recorded on
2-instrumented SID-IIs dummies representing a small (5th percentile) woman,
assessment of head protection countermeasures, and the vehicle's structural
performance during the impact.
Rear crash protection is rated according to a two-step procedure. Starting
points for the ratings are measurements of head restraint geometry -- the
height of a restraint and its horizontal distance behind the back of the head
of an average size man. Seat/head restraints with good or acceptable geometry
are tested dynamically using a dummy that measures forces on the neck. This
test simulates a collision in which a stationary vehicle is struck in the rear
at 20 mph. Seats without good or acceptable geometry are rated poor overall
because they can't be positioned to protect many people.
In the roof strength test, a metal plate is pushed against 1 side of a roof at
a constant speed. To earn a good rating for rollover protection, the roof must
withstand a force of 4 times the vehicle's weight before reaching 5 inches of
crush. This is called a strength-to-weight ratio. For an acceptable rating,
the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. A marginal rating value
is 2.5. Anything lower than that is rated poor.
About Subaru of America, Inc.
Subaru of America, Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Fuji Heavy Industries
Ltd. of Japan. Headquartered in Cherry Hill, N.J., the company markets and
distributes Subaru vehicles, parts and accessories through a network of more
than 600 dealers across the United States. All Subaru products are
manufactured in zero-landfill production plants and Subaru of Indiana
Automotive Inc. is the only U.S. automobile production plant to be designated
a backyard wildlife habitat by the National Wildlife Federation. For
additional information visit www.subaru.com. Media can visit
Subaru of America, Inc.
Subaru of America, Inc.
SOURCE Subaru of America, Inc.
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