Akamai Releases First Quarter 2013 'State of the Internet' Report
- More than 733 million unique IP addresses connected to the Akamai
- Identified surge in observed attack traffic originating from Indonesia
- Global average peak connection speed rose 36 percent year over year
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., July 23, 2013
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., July 23, 2013 /PRNewswire/ --Akamai Technologies, Inc.
(NASDAQ: AKAM), the leading cloud platform for helping enterprises provide
secure, high-performing user experiences on any device, anywhere, today
released its First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report. Based on data
gathered from the Akamai Intelligent Platform™, the report provides insight
into key global statistics such as network connectivity and connection speeds,
attack traffic, and broadband adoption and availability, among many others.
The First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report includes new observations
on "account checker" attacks targeting e-commerce sites and the impact on
Akamai traffic from events including the death of Hugo Chavez, announcement of
the new Pope, and undersea cable disruptions. The report also reviews mobile
browser usage by network type based on data from Akamai IO.
Highlights from Akamai's First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report:
Global Internet Penetration
More than 733 million unique IPv4 addresses from 243 countries/regions
connected to the Akamai Intelligent Platform, an increase of 3.1 percent over
the previous quarter and 10 percent year over year. Since a single IP address
can represent multiple individuals in some cases – such as when users access
the Web through a firewall or proxy server – Akamai estimates the total number
of unique Web users connecting to its platform during the quarter to be well
over one billion.
Among the top 10 countries that connected to the Akamai Intelligent Platform
in the first quarter, quarterly growth ranged from 0.7 percent in Germany to
5.3 percent in China. Across the full set of observed countries/regions
worldwide, nearly 75 percent saw a quarterly increase in unique IP address
Year-over-year, the number of global unique IP addresses connecting to Akamai
grew by 10 percent – an increase of more than 73 million over the first
quarter of 2012. Among the top 10 countries, yearly growth ranged from 1
percent in the United States to double-digit growth in the United Kingdom (11
percent), Russia (15 percent), Italy (20 percent), China (20 percent) and
Brazil (38 percent). Worldwide, nearly 75 percent of countries/regions had
higher unique IP address counts year-over-year.
Attack Traffic and Top Ports Attacked
Akamai maintains a distributed set of unadvertised agents deployed across the
Internet that log connection attempts, which the company classifies as attack
traffic. Based on the data collected by these agents, Akamai is able to
identify the top countries from which attack traffic originates, as well as
the top ports targeted by these attacks. It is important to note, however,
that the originating country as identified by the source IP address may not
represent the nation in which an attacker resides. For example, an individual
in the United States may be launching attacks from compromised systems
anywhere in the world.
Akamai observed attack traffic originating from 177 unique countries/regions
during the first quarter of 2013, the same number that was observed in the
fourth quarter of 2012. While China kept its position as the single-largest
volume source of observed traffic with 34 percent of the total (down from 41
percent in the previous quarter), Indonesia took over second place with 21
percent of observed traffic (up from 0.7 percent in the previous quarter). The
United States dropped from second to third with 8.3 percent of observed
traffic (down from 10 percent in the previous quarter).
The top 10 countries/regions generated more than 80 percent of the observed
attack traffic during the quarter. More than half of the total observed attack
traffic originated from China and Indonesia.
Port 445 (Microsoft-DS) continued to be the most targeted port in the first
quarter, receiving 23 percent of observed attack traffic. Port 80 (WWW HTTP)
was second at 14 percent, with a majority of these attacks observed to be
originating in Indonesia.
Observations on DDoS Attacks
Starting in the fourth quarter of 2012, the State of the Internet Report
includes insight into DDoS attacks based on reports from Akamai customers. In
the first quarter of 2013, Akamai customers reported 208 attacks, up slightly
from the 200 reported in the previous quarter. Of those attacks, 35 percent
targeted Enterprise customers; 32 percent were focused on Commerce customers;
22 percent on Media customers; 7 percent on High Tech customers; and 4 percent
targeted Public Sector customers. Attacks were reported by 154 different
organizations in the first quarter of 2013.
'Account Checker' Attacks
In the first quarter of 2013, Akamai observed attempted account takeover
behavior for numerous e-commerce organizations that resulted from reuse of
credentials obtained from other sites. Using automated tools known as "account
checkers," attackers can quickly determine valid user ID/password combinations
across a large number of e-commerce sites. Once an account is breached,
attackers can collect a user's personal data and credit card information to
use for further fraud.
Global Average and Peak Connection Speeds
Quarter-over-quarter, the global average connection speed rose 4 percent to
3.1 Mbps (up from 2.9 Mbps). A total of 117 countries/regions that qualified
for inclusion saw average connection speeds increase this quarter, ranging
from 0.7 percent in Kuwait to 75 percent in Guatemala.
Year-over-year, average connection speeds grew by 17 percent, with eight of
the top 10 countries/regions growing by double-digit percentages. Around the
world, 123 qualifying countries/regions saw a year-over-year increase in
average connection speeds, ranging from 1.4 percent in Oman to 122 percent in
Global average peak connection speeds increased 9.2 percent to 18.4 Mbps
during the first quarter of 2013. Hong Kong was again number one at 63.6 Mbps,
an increase of 9 percent over the previous quarter.
Year-over-year, global average peak connection speeds continued to show strong
long-term growth, rising 36 percent.
Global broadband (>4 Mbps) adoption increased 5.8 percent during the quarter
to reach 46 percent. Global high broadband (>10 Mbps) reached 13 percent on a
10 percent increase over last quarter.
"This quarter's State of the Internet Report shows continued positive growth
in terms of Internet and broadband adoption worldwide. We have seen overall
increases in average and peak connection speeds along with greater broadband
penetration on both a quarterly and annual basis," said David Belson, the
report's editor. "However, the levels of malicious activity we've observed
show no signs of abating, as evidenced by the ongoing rise in DDoS attacks.
This reinforces the continued need for vigilance by organizations that are
conducting business and maintaining a presence on the Internet."
In the first quarter of 2013, average connection speeds on surveyed mobile
network operators ranged from a high of 8.6 Mbps to a low of 0.4 Mbps. Nine
operators demonstrated average connection speeds in the broadband (>4 Mbps)
range while 64 more operators showed average connection speeds above 1 Mbps.
Data collected by Ericsson indicates that the volume of mobile data traffic
doubled from the first quarter of 2012 to the first quarter of 2013, and grew
19 percent between the fourth quarter of 2012 and the first quarter of 2013.
An initial release of an updated data source for Akamai IO occurred in
mid-February 2013, resulting in significant changes in observed device/browser
adoption levels. For the first half of the quarter, mobile devices on cellular
networks using the Android Webkit accounted for just over 41 percent of total
requests, while Apple Mobile Safari accounted for 38 percent. In the second
half of the quarter, Android Webkit was responsible for nearly 44 percent of
requests and Apple Mobile Safari accounted for just over 30 percent. When
measuring mobile devices across all network types, Apple Mobile Safari
accounted for approximately 60 percentand Android Webkit was responsible for
20-33 percentof requests.
Akamai in 60 Seconds
Akamai has also released "Akamai in 60 Seconds," an online visualization
presenting a snapshot of the broad range of activity occurring on the Akamai
Intelligent Platform. Available at www.akamai.com/60seconds, the dynamic
graphic highlights peak values for metrics such as video streaming, page
views, route optimization calculations and DNS lookups among many others, as
measured across a 60-second time period.
About the Akamai State of the Internet Report
Each quarter, Akamai publishes a "State of the Internet" report. This report
includes data gathered from across the Akamai Intelligent Platform about
attack traffic, broadband adoption, mobile connectivity and other relevant
topics concerning the Internet and its usage, as well as trends seen in this
data over time. To learn more and to access the archive of past reports,
please visit www.akamai.com/stateoftheinternet. To download the figures from
the First Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report, please visit
Akamai^® is the leading cloud platform for helping enterprises provide secure,
high-performing user experiences on any device, anywhere. At the core of the
Company's solutions is the Akamai Intelligent Platform™ providing extensive
reach, coupled with unmatched reliability, security, visibility and expertise.
Akamai removes the complexities of connecting the increasingly mobile world,
supporting 24/7 consumer demand, and enabling enterprises to securely leverage
the cloud. To learn more about how Akamai is accelerating the pace of
innovation in a hyperconnected world, please visit www.akamai.com or
blogs.akamai.com, and follow @Akamai on Twitter.
Chris Nicholson Natalie Temple
Media Relations Investor Relations
SOURCE Akamai Technologies, Inc.
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