The Fayetteville Shale is Dry, But It's Hardly Dried Up, NGI’s Shale Daily
DULLES, Va. -- June 20, 2013
Low natural gas prices have driven down Fayetteville Shale drilling activity
and production, but the Arkansas dry gas play has plenty more to give, and the
rigs will be coming back to get it when natural gas has a $5 handle, the
Arkansas Geological Survey's Ed Ratchford told NGI's Shale Daily.
"Who wants to go out and drill a bunch of $3 million wells at $3 gas. It's not
that the resource isn't there; the resource is there. It's not as attractive,"
said Ratchford, who is the Survey's fossil fuels supervisor. For now producers
have turned away from the Fayetteville's dry gas, moving into wet gas plays
where they can supplement returns with the sale of liquids.
The year-over-year growth rate of Fayetteville production was more than 62% in
January 2010 and nearly 97% in September of that year but has been declining
nearly every month since, according to data from the Arkansas Oil & Gas
Commission (AOGC) and NGI's Shale Daily calculations. Last February the growth
rate turned negative for the first time at minus 1.4%, but in March it was up
at 0.2% over March 2012.
While the rate of production growth has slowed, it's still growth, and it's
coming despite a significant drop in the number of rigs plying the play.
According to the Baker Hughes rig count, there were 12 rigs running in the
Fayetteville as of June 14. That's down 8% from one month ago and 33% from one
"The continued production growth, in spite of the sharply lower rig count, is
explained by the truly remarkable gains in rig productivity and operating
efficiencies as the transition towards the full development mode in many areas
is beginning to bear fruit," said an April Arkansas Geological Survey report
on the play. "In 2013, Southwestern Energy projects to drill its average well
in just 6.5 days, re-entry to re-entry, compared to 11 days in 2010. The
comparison is even more impressive given that the average length of the
lateral is expected to increase by over 10%."
Ratchford said the Fayetteville is about one-third of the way to maturity in
terms of the number of producing wells it could ultimately support. "The play
will accommodate, I think, 20,000 wells and that's basically looking at
80-acre spacing," he said. "There's no point of continuing to drill, saturate
everything with a bunch of drilling at these kind of gas prices."
The leading Fayetteville producers by far are Southwestern Energy Co., BHP
Billiton Ltd. and ExxonMobil Corp.'s XTO Energy. During 2012, Southwestern did
724.8 Bcf in Fayetteville gas sales, good for 70.3% of the play's total sales
that year. BHP sold 155.7 Bcf (15.1%) and XTO Energy sold 147.9 Bcf (14.3%).
The remaining 0.3% of sales, or 2.4 Bcf, was spread out among nine companies.
"None of those companies are going anywhere," Ratchford said. "They're not
going away. They're not going to have a fire sale on Fayetteville acreage.
It's just that the gas prices are really marginal. Geologists have done too
good a job of finding shale gas and we have no national energy policy...to
Last month Southwestern CFO Robert Craig Owen talked enthusiastically about
all that remains to be done in the Fayetteville.
"We have thousands and thousands of well locations," he said at the UBS Global
Oil and Gas Conference. "We'll be drilling at this pace for many years to
come, assuming the [Nymex] strip pricing that we have today. We do plan to
drill close to 400 wells this year and that certainly, of all of our
operations, can flex more than any others as we need to respond to gas prices,
one way or the other."
Ratchford said most of the people he's talked with about the Fayetteville say
it will take $5 gas to drive producers back to the play again. "People don't
talk about it being in decline at all. It's just low gas prices. People are
just backing off."
Fayetteville costs have held relatively steady, Ratchford said, but producers
have been continually doing more with the same amount of resources. Drilling
times have continued to decline while laterals have grown in length and
fracturing stages have grown in number. "Completed lateral length has
increased 82% over the last four years while holding total well costs flat at
about $2.8 million," the Survey report said.
"I'd say it's still looked at as kind of an early to medium kind of play [as
far as maturity]," Ratchford said. "There are so many more high-quality areas
left to drill."
To read a more about the Fayetteville Shale and other shale plays, visit
http://intelligencepress.com and sign up for a free trial.
Intelligence Press, Inc., is an independent publishing company serving the
energy industry since 1981 with real-time news and price survey reports for
the natural gas market in its publications: Natural Gas Intelligence, Daily
Gas Price Index, Weekly Gas Price Index. Its newest publication, NGI's Shale
Daily at http://shaledaily.com/ is the first daily publication devoted
exclusively to the unfolding shale revolution that is rewriting the energy
outlook in North America.
Intelligence Press, Inc.
James Geanakos, 703-318-8848
Press spacebar to pause and continue. Press esc to stop.