AvalonBay Communities, Inc. Announces First Quarter 2013 Operating Results Business Wire ARLINGTON, Va. -- April 30, 2013 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. (NYSE: AVB) (the “Company”) reported today that Net Income Attributable to Common Stockholders (“Net Income”) for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 was $75,427,000. This resulted in Earnings per Share – diluted (“EPS”) of $0.63 for the quarter ended March 31, 2013, compared to EPS of $0.60 for the comparable period of 2012, an increase of 5.0%. The increase in EPS for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 over the prior year period is due primarily to community sales and related gains in 2013 not present in 2012, and an increase in Net Operating Income (“NOI”) from the Archstone Acquisition and existing and newly developed communities. This increase is offset partially by acquisition costs and increased depreciation associated with the Archstone Acquisition. Funds from Operations attributable to common stockholders - diluted (“FFO”) per share for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 decreased 39.1% to $0.78 from $1.28 for the comparable period of 2012. Adjusting for non-routine items as detailed in the definitions of this release, including the impact of prefunding the Archstone Acquisition, FFO per share for the three months ended March 31, 2013 would have increased by 17.1% over the prior year period. The following table compares the Company’s first quarter 2013 actual results to its January 2013 outlook: First Quarter 2013 Results Comparison to January 2013 Outlook Per Share FFO loss per share Q1 2013 - January 2013 Outlook (1) $ (0.64) Change in Archstone Acquisition related costs (2) 0.88 Interest rate contract & other (3) 0.50 Community NOI, including Archstone 0.04 FFO per share Q1 2013 reported results $ 0.78 (1) Represents the mid-point of the Company's Q1 2013 outlook. (2) See Archstone Acquisition discussion on page two of this release for details. (3) Recognition of swap settlement deferred to Q4 2013. Commenting on the Company’s results, Tim Naughton, CEO and President, said, “This quarter we completed, along with our partner, the acquisition of Archstone while posting adjusted FFO growth of 17%. This growth was driven by portfolio operations, as Same Store NOI was up over 5 1/2%, as well as strong leasing performance from our development communities, where rents and leasing velocity exceeded our initial expectations.” Operating Results for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2013 Compared to the Prior Year Period For the Company, including discontinued operations, total revenue increased by $60,872,000, or 23.9% to $315,359,000. For Established Communities, rental revenue increased 4.9%, attributable to increases in average rental rates of 4.7% and Economic Occupancy of 0.2%. As a result, total revenue for Established Communities increased $9,655,000 to $205,822,000. Operating expenses for Established Communities increased $2,034,000, or 3.3%, to $62,801,000. Accordingly, NOI for Established Communities increased by 5.6%, or $7,621,000, to $143,021,000. The following table reflects the percentage changes in rental revenue, operating expenses and NOI for Established Communities from the first quarter of 2013 compared to the first quarter of 2012: Q1 2013 Compared to Q1 2012 Rental Operating NOI % of Revenue Expenses NOI ^ (1) New England 3.2% 6.0% 1.7% 16.5% Metro NY/NJ 4.9% 3.6% 5.5% 28.9% Mid-Atlantic 1.5% 1.3% 1.6% 14.6% Pacific NW 8.9% 5.9% 10.5% 4.4% No. California 8.7% 0.6% 11.6% 19.0% So. California 4.5% 1.6% 5.9% 16.6% Total 4.9% 3.3% 5.6% 100.0% (1) Total represents each region's % of total NOI from the Company, including discontinued operations. Development Pipeline Activity During the first quarter of 2013, the Company added ten development rights, consisting of six development rights acquired as part of the Archstone Acquisition, and four development rights sourced from the Company’s existing investment activities. The development rights acquired as part of the Archstone Acquisition, if developed as expected, will contain 2,064 apartment homes and will be developed for a Total Capital Cost of $724,000,000. The four development rights sourced from the Company’s existing investment activities, if developed as expected, will contain 1,076 apartment homes and will be developed for a Total Capital Cost of $312,000,000. The Company acquired seven land parcels during the quarter ended March 31, 2013 for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $81,800,000, including six land parcels acquired as part of the Archstone Acquisition. The Company anticipates starting construction on four of these land parcels in the next twelve months. Development Construction Activity During the first quarter of 2013, the Company started the construction of two communities: AVA Stuart Street, located in Boston, MA, and Avalon Huntington Station, located in Huntington Station, NY. These two communities will contain 701 apartment homes when completed and will be developed for an estimated Total Capital Cost of $259,000,000. During the first quarter of 2013, the Company completed the development of three communities: Avalon Garden City, located in Garden City, NY, Avalon Park Crest, located in Tysons Corner, VA and AVA H Street, located in Washington, DC. These three communities contain 696 apartment homes and were constructed for an aggregate Total Capital Cost of $179,000,000. As part of the Archstone Acquisition, the Company acquired five apartment communities under construction and one apartment community in lease-up. The communities under construction include Archstone Toscano in Houston, TX; Archstone Parkland Gardens in Arlington, VA; Archstone Memorial Heights Phase I in Houston, TX; Archstone West Valley Expansion in San Jose, CA and Archstone Berkeley on Addison in Berkeley, CA; and are expected to contain an aggregate of 1,198 apartment homes and are being constructed for an estimated Total Capital Cost of $281,900,000. Archstone First & M Phase I, located in Washington DC, was completed in a prior quarter and is currently in lease-up. This community contains 469 apartment homes and was acquired for a Total Capital Cost of $200,000,000. Redevelopment Activity During the first quarter of 2013, the Company completed the redevelopment of two communities under its eaves brand. These communities contain 581 apartment homes and were redeveloped for an aggregate Total Capital Cost of $18,800,000, excluding costs incurred prior to redevelopment. Archstone Acquisition As previously disclosed, on February 27, 2013, the Company and Equity Residential acquired all of the assets and assumed all of the liabilities of Archstone Enterprise LP (“Archstone,” which has since changed its name to Jupiter Enterprise LP). Under the terms of the agreements related to this transaction, the Company acquired approximately 40% of Archstone’s assets and liabilities consisting primarily of direct and indirect interests in 64 operating communities, six communities currently under development and/or in lease-up, and interests in development rights and certain other joint ventures (the “Archstone Acquisition”). As consideration, the Company issued 14,889,706 shares of its common stock, assumed $3,512,000,000 principal amount of consolidated secured indebtedness, paid $749,000,000 in cash consideration and assumed certain other of Archstone’s liabilities. Concurrent with the closing of the transaction, the Company repaid $1,478,000,000 principal amount of the indebtedness assumed. The Company’s results for the three months ended March 31, 2013 include approximately $69,271,000 in acquisition costs related to the Archstone Acquisition. The following table details the components of the lower than expected expensed acquisition costs for the first quarter of 2013: First Quarter 2013 Results Change in Archstone Expensed Acquisition Costs Per Share Change in accounting classification (0.36) Cost Savings (0.35) Costs expected to be recognized later in 2013 (0.17) Total change in expensed Archstone Acquisition costs 1Q 2013 $ (0.88) Disposition Activity During the first quarter of 2013, the Company sold Avalon at Decoverly located in Rockville, MD. The community contains 564 apartment homes and was sold for $135,250,000. The disposition resulted in a gain in accordance with GAAP of $84,491,000 and an Economic Gain of $62,641,000. In March 2013, the Company also sold two apartment communities that were acquired as part of the Archstone Acquisition. Crystal House and Crystal House II are located in Arlington, VA, contain an aggregate of 827 apartment homes and were sold for $197,150,000. During the first quarter of 2013, AvalonBay Value Added Fund, L.P. (“Fund I”), a private discretionary real estate investment vehicle in which the Company holds an equity interest of approximately 15%, sold Avalon Yerba Buena, located in San Francisco, CA. This community contains 160 apartment homes and 32,000 square feet of retail space, and was sold for $103,000,000. Also during the first quarter of 2013, AvalonBay Value Added Fund II, L.P. (“Fund II”), a private discretionary real estate investment vehicle in which the Company holds an equity interest of approximately 31%, sold Avalon Rothbury, located in Gaithersburg, MD. Avalon Rothbury contains 205 apartment homes and was sold for $39,600,000. The Company’s aggregate share of the gain in accordance with GAAP for the dispositions by Fund I and Fund II was $9,352,000. Financing, Liquidity and Balance Sheet Statistics At March 31, 2013, the Company had no amounts outstanding under its $1,300,000,000 unsecured credit facility. At March 31, 2013, the Company had $541,106,000 in unrestricted cash and cash in escrow. Debt Assumption and Repayment Activity In addition to the net debt assumed as consideration for the Archstone Acquisition in February 2013, the Company had the following debt activity through the date of this release. In March 2013, the Company repaid $100,000,000 principal amount of its 4.95% coupon unsecured notes pursuant to their scheduled maturity. In April 2013, the Company repaid a 4.69% fixed-rate, secured mortgage note in the amount of $170,125,000 pursuant to its scheduled maturity. Second Quarter 2013 and Full Year Financial Outlook For the second quarter of 2013, the Company expects EPS in the range of $0.04 to $0.08 and expects Projected FFO per share in the range of $1.49 to $1.53. For the full year 2013, the Company expects EPS in the range of $1.37 to $1.67 and expects Projected FFO per share in the range of $4.98 to $5.28. The Company’s results of operations for the first quarter 2013 and its outlook for the balance of 2013 include certain non-routine items, detailed further in the following table: Actual Projected Q1 2013 Q2 2013 FY 2013 FFO per share (1) $ 0.78 $ 1.51 $ 5.13 Non-Routine Items (2): Acquisition costs (3) 0.58 0.06 0.69 Interest rate hedge (0.01) - 0.42 Other 0.01 0.01 0.05 FFO per share excluding $ 1.36 $ 1.58 $ 6.29 non-routine items (1) For Projected FFO per share, represents the mid-point of the Company's Outlook. (2) Additional detail for non-routine items incurred in Q1 2013 is provided in the definitions of this release. (3) Relates primarily to costs for the Archstone Acquisition. Second Quarter 2013 Conference/Event Schedule The Company is scheduled to participate in the NAREIT Investor Forum in Chicago, IL, from June 5-7, 2013 and host an Investor Day in Washington, D.C. on June 26, 2013. The Company will present and conduct a question and answer session at the events. Management may discuss the Company's current operating environment; operating trends; development, redevelopment, disposition and acquisition activity; financial outlook; portfolio strategy and other business and financial matters affecting the Company. Details on how to access a webcast of the Company's presentations will be available in advance of the conference event and Investor Day at the Company's website at http://www.avalonbay.com/events. Other Matters The Company will hold a conference call on May 1, 2013 at 2:00 PM ET to review and answer questions about this release, its first quarter 2013 results, the Attachments (described below) and related matters. To participate on the call, dial 877-510-2397 domestically and 763-416-6924 internationally and use conference id: 34120286. To hear a replay of the call, which will be available from May 1, 2013 at 6:00 PM ET to May 7, 2013 at 11:59 PM ET, dial 855-859-2056 domestically and 404-537-3406 internationally, and use conference id: 34120286. A webcast of the conference call will also be available at http://www.avalonbay.com/earnings, and an on-line playback of the webcast will be available for at least 30 days following the call. The Company produces Earnings Release Attachments (the "Attachments") that provide detailed information regarding operating, development, redevelopment, disposition and acquisition activity. These Attachments are considered a part of this earnings release and are available in full with this earnings release via the Company's website at http://www.avalonbay.com/earnings. To receive future press releases via e-mail, please submit a request through http://www.avalonbay.com/email. About AvalonBay Communities, Inc. As of March 31, 2013, the Company owned or held a direct or indirect ownership interest in 272 apartment communities containing 81,279 apartment homes in twelve states and the District of Columbia, of which 27 communities were under construction and five communities were under reconstruction. The Company is an equity REIT in the business of developing, redeveloping, acquiring and managing apartment communities in high barrier-to-entry markets of the United States. More information may be found on the Company’s website at http://www.avalonbay.com. For additional information, please contact Jason Reilley, Director of Investor Relations at 1-703-317-4681. Forward-Looking Statements This release, including its Attachments, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the Company’s use of words such as “expects,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “believes,” “outlook” and similar expressions that do not relate to historical matters. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements as a result of risks and uncertainties, which include the following: we may abandon development or redevelopment opportunities for which we have already incurred costs; adverse capital and credit market conditions may affect our access to various sources of capital and/or cost of capital, which may affect our business activities, earnings and common stock price, among other things; changes in local employment conditions, demand for apartment homes, supply of competitive housing products, and other economic conditions may result in lower than expected occupancy and/or rental rates and adversely affect the profitability of our communities; delays in completing development, redevelopment and/or lease-up may result in increased financing and construction costs and may delay and/or reduce the profitability of a community; debt and/or equity financing for development, redevelopment or acquisitions of communities may not be available or may not be available on favorable terms; we may be unable to obtain, or experience delays in obtaining, necessary governmental permits and authorizations; increases in costs of materials, labor or other expenses may result in communities that we develop or redevelop failing to achieve expected profitability; we may not be able to integrate the assets and operations acquired in the Archstone Acquisition in a manner consistent with our assumptions and/or we may fail to achieve expected efficiencies and synergies; we may encounter liabilities related to the Archstone Acquisition for which we may be responsible that were unknown to us at the time we completed the Archstone Acquisition or at the time of this press release; and our assumptions concerning risks relating to our lack of control of joint ventures and our abilities to successfully dispose of certain assets may not be realized. Additional discussions of risks and uncertainties appear in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012 under the heading “Risk Factors” and under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Forward-Looking Statements” and in subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. The Company does not undertake a duty to update forward-looking statements, including its expected second quarter and full year 2013 operating results. The Company may, in its discretion, provide information in future public announcements regarding its outlook that may be of interest to the investment community. The format and extent of future outlooks may be different from the format and extent of the information contained in this release. Definitions and Reconciliations Non-GAAP financial measures and other capitalized terms, as used in this earnings release, are defined and further explained on Attachment 13, “Definitions and Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Other Terms.” Attachment 13 is included in the full earnings release available at the Company’s website at http://www.avalonbay.com/earnings. This wire distribution includes only definitions and reconciliations of the following non-GAAP financial measures: FFO is determined based on a definition adopted by the Board of Governors of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”). FFO is calculated by the Company as Net income or loss attributable to common stockholders computed in accordance with GAAP, adjusted for gains or losses on sales of previously depreciated operating communities, extraordinary gains or losses (as defined by GAAP), cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle, impairment write-downs of depreciable real estate assets, write-downs of investments in affiliates which are driven by a decrease in the value of depreciable real estate assets held by the affiliate and depreciation of real estate assets, including adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Management generally considers FFO to be an appropriate supplemental measure of operating performance because, by excluding gains or losses related to dispositions of previously depreciated operating communities and excluding real estate depreciation (which can vary among owners of identical assets in similar condition based on historical cost accounting and useful life estimates), FFO can help one compare the operating performance of a company’s real estate between periods or as compared to different companies. A reconciliation of FFO to Net income attributable to common stockholders is as follows (dollars in thousands): 2013 2012 Net income attributable to common stockholders $ 75,427 $ 57,758 Depreciation - real estate assets, including discontinued operations and joint venture adjustments 111,944 65,292 Distributions to noncontrolling interests, including discontinued operations 8 7 Gain on sale of unconsolidated entities holding previously depreciated real estate assets (9,352 ) (1,086 ) Gain on sale of previously depreciated real estate assets (84,491 ) -- FFO attributable to common stockholders $ 93,536 $ 121,971 Average shares outstanding - diluted 120,111,128 95,653,779 Earnings per share - diluted $ 0.63 $ 0.60 FFO per common share - diluted $ 0.78 $ 1.28 The Company’s results for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and the comparable prior year period include the non-routine items outlined in the following table: Non-Routine Items Decrease (Increase) in Net Income and FFO (dollars in thousands) Q1 Q1 2013 2012 Acquisition costs (1) $ 39,814 $ 92 Joint venture related losses 30,006 203 and costs (2) Interest rate protection (1,414) - agreement unrealized gain Net interest expense - 835 - unsecured debt (3) Compensation plan redesign 1,475 307 and severance related costs Prepayment penalties and write off of deferred financing costs - 1,179 Total Non-routine items $70,716 $1,781 Weighted average dilutive 120,111,128 95,653,779 shares outstanding Incremental shares for Archstone Acquisition 11,116,667 - prefunding (4) (1) Amount for 2013 relates to the Archstone Acquisition and consists primarily of debt assumption costs, title charges, legal, consulting and other fees. (2) Includes both Archstone Acquisition related costs and yield maintenance costs for Fund I and Fund II dispositions. (3) Represents the net interest cost incurred in 2013 through the closing of the Archstone Acquisition related to the unsecured debt issued in December 2012 in connection with the Archstone Acquisition less amounts earned on invested cash from the December 2012 unsecured debt and common share issuances. (4) Represents the impact on the weighted average shares outstanding through the closing of the Archstone Acquisition from the Company's issuance of common stock in December 2012 in anticipation of the Archstone Acquisition. Projected FFO, as provided within this release in the Company’s outlook, is calculated on a basis consistent with historical FFO, and is therefore considered to be an appropriate supplemental measure to projected Net Income from projected operating performance. A reconciliation of the range provided for Projected FFO per share (diluted) for the second quarter and full year 2013 to the range provided for projected EPS (diluted) are as follows: Low High Range Range Projected EPS (diluted) - Q2 2013 $ 0.04 $ 0.08 Projected depreciation (real estate related) 1.55 1.59 Projected gain on sale of operating communities (0.10) (0.14) Projected FFO per share (diluted) - Q2 2013 $ 1.49 $ 1.53 Projected EPS (diluted) - Full Year 2013 $ 1.37 $ 1.67 Projected depreciation (real estate related) 4.62 4.92 Projected gain on sale of operating communities (1.01) (1.31) Projected FFO per share (diluted) - Full Year 2013 $ 4.98 $ 5.28 NOI is defined by the Company as total property revenue less direct property operating expenses (including property taxes), and excludes corporate-level income (including management, development and other fees), corporate-level property management and other indirect operating expenses, investments and investment management expenses, expensed development and other pursuit costs, net interest expense, gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt, general and administrative expense, joint venture income (loss), depreciation expense, impairment loss on land holdings, gain on sale of real estate assets and income from discontinued operations. The Company considers NOI to be an appropriate supplemental measure to Net Income of operating performance of a community or communities because it helps both investors and management to understand the core operations of a community or communities prior to the allocation of corporate-level property management overhead or general and administrative costs. This is more reflective of the operating performance of a community, and allows for an easier comparison of the operating performance of single assets or groups of assets. In addition, because prospective buyers of real estate have different overhead structures, with varying marginal impact to overhead by acquiring real estate, NOI is considered by many in the real estate industry to be a useful measure for determining the value of a real estate asset or groups of assets. A reconciliation of NOI (from continuing operations) to Net Income, as well as a breakdown of NOI by operating segment, is as follows (dollars in thousands): Q1 Q1 Q4 2013 2012 2012 Net income $ 75,469 $ 57,609 $ 122,384 Indirect operating expenses, 9,041 8,036 7,862 net of corporate income Investments and investment 1,015 1,446 1,545 management expense Expensed acquisition, development and other pursuit 40,059 239 9,601 costs Interest expense, net 38,174 33,626 36,117 Loss on extinguishment of debt, -- 1,179 -- net General and administrative 10,039 9,710 7,703 expense Joint venture loss (income) 18,564 (2,175) (11,113) Depreciation expense 109,829 61,571 65,567 Impairment loss -- -- 1,449 Gain on sale of real estate (84,491) -- (51,262) assets (Income) loss from discontinued (2,446) (3,935) (2,885) operations $ 215,253 $ $ 186,968 167,306 NOI from continuing operations New England $ 28,577 $ 28,087 $ 29,637 Metro NY/NJ 42,439 40,233 42,150 Mid-Atlantic 18,188 17,902 18,218 Pacific NW 7,850 7,106 7,782 No. California 27,504 24,637 26,716 So. California 18,463 17,435 18,192 Total 143,021 135,400 142,695 Established Other Stabilized (excluding 31,823 20,053 30,260 Archstone) Other Stabilized - Archstone 24,420 -- -- Development/Redevelopment 15,989 11,853 14,013 NOI from continuing operations $ 215,253 $ $ 186,968 167,306 NOI as reported by the Company does not include the operating results from discontinued operations (i.e., assets sold during the period January 1, 2012 through March 31, 2013 or classified as held for sale at March 31, 2013). A reconciliation of NOI from communities sold or classified as discontinued operations to Net Income for these communities is as follows (dollars in thousands): Q1 Q1 2013 2012 Income from discontinued operations $ 2,446 $ 3,935 Interest expense, net -- 80 Depreciation expense -- 1,741 NOI from discontinued operations $ 2,446 $ 5,756 NOI from assets sold 2,446 5,756 NOI from discontinued operations $ 2,446 $ 5,756 Projected NOI, as used within this release for certain development communities and in calculating the Initial Year Market Cap Rate for dispositions, represents management’s estimate, as of the date of this release (or as of the date of the buyer’s valuation in the case of dispositions), of projected stabilized rental revenue minus projected stabilized operating expenses. For development communities, Projected NOI is calculated based on the first twelve months of stabilized operations, following the completion of construction. In calculating the Initial Year Market Cap Rate, Projected NOI for dispositions is calculated for the first twelve months following the date of the buyer’s valuation. Projected stabilized rental revenue represents management’s estimate of projected gross potential minus projected stabilized economic vacancy and adjusted for projected stabilized concessions plus projected stabilized other rental revenue. Projected stabilized operating expenses do not include interest, income taxes (if any), depreciation or amortization, or any allocation of corporate-level property management overhead or general and administrative costs. Projected gross potential for development communities and dispositions is based on leased rents for occupied homes and management’s best estimate of rental levels for homes which are currently unleased, as well as those homes which will become available for lease during the twelve month forward period used to develop Projected NOI. The weighted average Projected NOI as a percentage of Total Capital Cost is weighted based on the Company’s share of the Total Capital Cost of each community, based on its percentage ownership. Management believes that Projected NOI of the development communities, on an aggregated weighted average basis, assists investors in understanding management's estimate of the likely impact on operations of the development communities when the assets are complete and achieve stabilized occupancy (before allocation of any corporate-level property management overhead, general and administrative costs or interest expense). However, in this release the Company has not given a projection of NOI on a company-wide basis. Given the different dates and fiscal years for which NOI is projected for these communities, the projected allocation of corporate-level property management overhead, general and administrative costs and interest expense to communities under development is complex, impractical to develop, and may not be meaningful. Projected NOI of these communities is not a projection of the Company's overall financial performance or cash flow. There can be no assurance that the communities under development or redevelopment will achieve the Projected NOI as described in this release. Rental Revenue with Concessions on a Cash Basis is considered by the Company to be a supplemental measure to rental revenue in conformity with GAAP to help investors evaluate the impact of both current and historical concessions on GAAP-based rental revenue and to more readily enable comparisons to revenue as reported by other companies. In addition, rental revenue (with concessions on a cash basis) allows an investor to understand the historical trend in cash concessions. A reconciliation of rental revenue from Established Communities in conformity with GAAP to rental revenue (with concessions on a cash basis) is as follows (dollars in thousands): Q1 Q1 2013 2012 Rental revenue (GAAP basis) $ 205,744 $ 196,101 Concessions amortized 52 385 Concessions granted (37) (163) Rental revenue (with concessions on a cash $205,759 $ 196,323 basis) % change -- GAAP revenue 4.9% % change -- cash revenue 4.8% Economic Gain (Loss) is calculated by the Company as the gain (loss) on sale in accordance with GAAP, less accumulated depreciation through the date of sale and any other non-cash adjustments that may be required under GAAP accounting. Management generally considers Economic Gain (Loss) to be an appropriate supplemental measure to gain (loss) on sale in accordance with GAAP because it helps investors to understand the relationship between the cash proceeds from a sale and the cash invested in the sold community. The Economic Gain (Loss) for each of the communities presented is estimated based on their respective final settlement statements. A reconciliation of Economic Gain (Loss) to gain on sale in accordance with GAAP for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 as well as prior years’ activities is presented in the full earnings release. Interest Coverage is calculated by the Company as EBITDA from continuing operations, excluding land gains and gain on the sale of investments in real estate joint ventures, divided by the sum of interest expense, net, and preferred dividends. Interest Coverage is presented by the Company because it provides rating agencies and investors an additional means of comparing our ability to service debt obligations to that of other companies. EBITDA is defined by the Company as net income or loss attributable to the Company before interest income and expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. The calculation of Interest Coverage for 2013 is impacted by the reduction in net income caused by the Archstone Acquisition costs. A reconciliation of EBITDA and a calculation of Interest Coverage for the first quarter of 2013 are as follows (dollars in thousands): Net income attributable to common stockholders $ 75,427 Interest expense, net 38,174 Depreciation expense 109,829 EBITDA $ 223,430 EBITDA from continuing operations $ 136,493 EBITDA from discontinued operations 86,937 EBITDA $ 223,430 EBITDA from continuing operations $ 136,493 Interest expense, net $ 38,174 Interest coverage 3.6 Total Capital Cost includes all capitalized costs projected to be or actually incurred to develop the respective development or redevelopment community, or development right, including land acquisition costs, construction costs, real estate taxes, capitalized interest and loan fees, permits, professional fees, allocated development overhead and other regulatory fees, all as determined in accordance with GAAP. For redevelopment communities, Total Capital Cost excludes costs incurred prior to the start of redevelopment when indicated. With respect to communities where development or redevelopment was completed in a prior or the current period, Total Capital Cost reflects the actual cost incurred, plus any contingency estimate made by management. Total Capital Cost for communities identified as having joint venture ownership, either during construction or upon construction completion, represents the total projected joint venture contribution amount. For joint ventures not in construction, Total Capital Cost is equal to gross real estate cost. Initial Year Market Cap Rate is defined by the Company as Projected NOI of a single community for the first 12 months of operations (assuming no repositioning), less estimates for non-routine allowance of approximately $300 - $500 per apartment home, divided by the gross sales price for the community. Projected NOI, as referred to above, represents management’s estimate of projected rental revenue minus projected operating expenses before interest, income taxes (if any), depreciation, amortization and extraordinary items. For this purpose, management’s projection of operating expenses for the community includes a management fee of 2.5% - 3.5%. The Initial Year Market Cap Rate, which may be determined in a different manner by others, is a measure frequently used in the real estate industry when determining the appropriate purchase price for a property or estimating the value for a property. Buyers may assign different Initial Year Market Cap Rates to different communities when determining the appropriate value because they (i) may project different rates of change in operating expenses and capital expenditure estimates and (ii) may project different rates of change in future rental revenue due to different estimates for changes in rent and occupancy levels. The weighted average Initial Year Market Cap Rate is weighted based on the gross sales price of each community. Unleveraged IRR on sold communities refers to the internal rate of return calculated by the Company considering the timing and amounts of (i) total revenue during the period owned by the Company and (ii) the gross sales price net of selling costs, offset by (iii) the undepreciated capital cost of the communities at the time of sale and (iv) total direct operating expenses during the period owned by the Company. Each of the items (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) are calculated in accordance with GAAP. The calculation of Unleveraged IRR does not include an adjustment for the Company’s general and administrative expense, interest expense, or corporate-level property management and other indirect operating expenses. Therefore, Unleveraged IRR is not a substitute for Net Income as a measure of our performance. Management believes that the Unleveraged IRR achieved during the period a community is owned by the Company is useful because it is one indication of the gross value created by the Company’s acquisition, development or redevelopment, management and sale of a community, before the impact of indirect expenses and Company overhead. The Unleveraged IRR achieved on the communities as cited in this release should not be viewed as an indication of the gross value created with respect to other communities owned by the Company, and the Company does not represent that it will achieve similar Unleveraged IRRs upon the disposition of other communities. The weighted average Unleveraged IRR for sold communities is weighted based on all cash flows over the holding period for each respective community, including net sales proceeds. Unencumbered NOI as calculated by the Company represents NOI generated by real estate assets unencumbered by either outstanding secured debt or land leases (excluding land leases with purchase options that were put in place for governmental incentives or tax abatements) as a percentage of total NOI generated by real estate assets. The Company believes that current and prospective unsecured creditors of the Company view Unencumbered NOI as one indication of the borrowing capacity of the Company. Therefore, when reviewed together with the Company's Interest Coverage, EBITDA and cash flow from operations, the Company believes that investors and creditors view Unencumbered NOI as a useful supplemental measure for determining the financial flexibility of an entity. A calculation of Unencumbered NOI for the three months ended March 31, 2013 is shown in the table below (dollars in thousands). The calculation of Unencumbered NOI for the three months ended March 31, 2013 includes the impact for one month and one day of NOI (encumbered and unencumbered) for communities acquired in the Archstone Acquisition. NOI for Established Communities $ 143,021 NOI for Other Stabilized Communities (excluding Archstone) 31,823 NOI for Other Stabilized - Archstone 24,420 NOI for Development/Redevelopment Communities 15,989 NOI for discontinued operations 2,446 Total NOI generated by real estate assets 217,699 NOI on encumbered assets 65,127 NOI on unencumbered assets 152,572 Unencumbered NOI 70% Established Communities are identified by the Company as communities where a comparison of operating results from the prior year to the current year is meaningful, as these communities were owned and had stabilized operations as of the beginning of the prior year. Therefore, for 2013, Established Communities are consolidated communities that have stabilized operations as of January 1, 2012 and are not conducting or planning to conduct substantial redevelopment activities within the current year. Established Communities do not include communities that are currently held for sale or planned for disposition during the current year. Established Communities do not include communities acquired as part of the Archstone Acquisition. Economic Occupancy is defined as total possible revenue less vacancy loss as a percentage of total possible revenue. Total possible revenue is determined by valuing occupied units at contract rates and vacant units at market rents. Vacancy loss is determined by valuing vacant units at current market rents. By measuring vacant apartments at their market rents, Economic Occupancy takes into account the fact that apartment homes of different sizes and locations within a community have different economic impacts on a community’s gross revenue. Copyright © 2013 AvalonBay Communities, Inc. All Rights Reserved Contact: AvalonBay Communities, Inc. Jason Reilley, Director of Investor Relations 1-703-317-4681
AvalonBay Communities, Inc. Announces First Quarter 2013 Operating Results
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