Fitch Affirms Cardinal Health at 'BBB+' on AssuraMed Acquisition
CHICAGO -- February 14, 2013
Fitch Ratings has affirmed the ratings of Cardinal Health, Inc. (Cardinal),
including the long-term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) at 'BBB+', following the
announcement of the company's acquisition of AssuraMed. The Rating Outlook is
A full list of Cardinal's ratings is provided at the end of this release. The
ratings apply to approximately $2.9 billion of debt at Dec. 31, 2012.
KEY RATING DRIVERS
-- Planned funding for proposed acquisition is appropriate for Cardinal's
-- Addition of AssuraMed is strategically sound, and Fitch expects the
acquisition to bolster Cardinal's intermediate-term growth outlook;
-- Steady pharmaceutical demand and oligopolistic market position support
stable operating profile, profit margins, and core cash flows;
-- Profitability improvements due to branded-to-generic conversions have been
robust, with another sizeable round of generic conversions expected in
-- Liquidity is solid and cash flows are strong.
INCREASED DEBT LOAD APPROPRIATE FOR 'BBB+' RATINGS
Planned funding for the approximately $2.07 billion deal will be provided by
$1.3 billion of new debt and approximately $770 million of cash on hand. Fitch
expects pro forma debt leverage (total debt-to-EBITDA), based on Dec. 31, 2012
figures, to approach 1.7 times (x). This figure represents the upper end of
the range Fitch deems appropriate for Cardinal's 'BBB+' ratings. Subsequent
deleveraging will be the result of EBITDA growth, driven primarily by generic
conversions and growth in the higher-margin AssuraMed business, and the
repayment of $300 million of debt due in June 2013.
Steady pharmaceutical demand and the oligopolistic nature of the healthcare
distribution industry contribute to exceptionally stable operating profiles
for Cardinal and its peers. Cardinal's profit margins have grown significantly
in recent years, owing primarily to an unprecedented wave of generic
conversions and improved customer mix. Fitch forecasts EBITDA margin expansion
of approximately 30 basis points (bps) in Cardinal's fiscal 2013, mostly due
to the loss of the lower-margin Express Scripts contract effective Oct. 1,
2012. Material margin expansion will also result from another round of generic
conversions in calendar 2014 and 2015.
STRATEGICALLY SOUND, INTERMEDIATE-TERM GROWTH DRIVER
AssuraMed is a leading provider of medical-surgical distribution services to
home health customers. As such, the proposed deal allows Cardinal to gain
immediate and significant exposure to the fast-growing home healthcare
industry, which it currently lacks. The addition of AssuraMed could also aid
Cardinal's efforts to increase its exposure to other types of healthcare
delivery (e.g. physician offices and other post-acute care) that require the
delivery of smaller medical-surgical product units.
Fitch expects the AssuraMed business to continue to benefit from the rapid
growth of the home healthcare industry attributable to the aging U.S.
population and to payors' search for less costly methods of healthcare
delivery. This view is further supported by AssuraMed's relative scale, which
will become even more significant as a business unit of Cardinal. Significant
synergies are expected due to product portfolio overlap, Cardinal's stronger
negotiating stance with suppliers, and the ability to consolidate certain
logistic, delivery, and other functions.
Fitch has noted its concern regarding Cardinal's lagging position in U.S.
specialty pharmaceutical distribution and the resulting lack of a sufficient
intermediate-term growth driver. Despite recently reported strong growth in
Cardinal's specialty distribution business, Fitch estimates that Cardinal
still holds less than 5% of the specialty distribution market in the U.S.,
compared to approximately 55% and 25% by AmerisourceBergen Corp. and McKesson
Corp., respectively. Though not fully alleviating this concern, the proposed
acquisition of AssuraMed could represent a material driver of profits growth
in the intermediate term.
STRONG CASH FLOWS, SOLID LIQUIDITY
Fitch expects strong funds from operations and free cash flow of approximately
$1.5 billion and $400 million, respectively, in fiscal 2013. Fitch notes that
cash flows will be somewhat depressed by a negative working capital impact
from the Express Scripts contract loss and from certain tax settlements in
Fitch expects Cardinal to maintain a solid liquidity profile subsequent to the
transaction. Liquidity at Dec. 31, 2012 was provided by $2.26 billion of cash
on hand and an undrawn $1.5 billion unsecured revolver due 2016. Cardinal also
maintains a $950 million accounts receivable securitization facility due 2014.
Long-term debt maturities are as follows: $300 million in fiscal 2013, $500
million in 2015, $787 million in 2017, and $1.07 billion thereafter.
The increased debt load resulting from the proposed transaction will limit
Cardinal's flexibility at its current 'BBB+' ratings. Maintenance of a 'BBB+'
IDR will require debt leverage generally maintained between 1.2x and 1.7x,
accompanied by continued robust cash flows and stable or growing margins over
the ratings horizon.
An upgrade to 'A-' will require the company to demonstrate a commitment to
operating with debt leverage below 1.2x-1.3x, combined with evidence of the
successful integration of AssuraMed and an overall improved intermediate-term
growth outlook. A sustained commitment to Cardinal's core U.S. drug
distribution business, especially in light of several recently added areas of
growth, will also be necessary to support the consideration of an upgrade.
A downgrade to 'BBB' could result from an additional leveraging transaction
that pushes debt leverage to above 1.7x for more than 12-18 months.
Debt-funded shareholder-friendly activities could also precipitate a negative
rating action. Evidence or anticipation of material pricing pressure greater
and more direct than currently expected would also pressure ratings.
Fitch has affirmed Cardinal's ratings as follows:
-- Long-term IDR at 'BBB+';
-- Short-term IDR at 'F2';
-- Senior unsecured bank facility rating at 'BBB+';
-- Senior unsecured notes ratings at 'BBB+';
-- Commercial paper rating at 'F2'.
The Rating Outlook is Stable.
Additional information is available at 'www.fitchratings.com'. The ratings
above were solicited by, or on behalf of, the issuer, and therefore, Fitch has
been compensated for the provision of the ratings.
Applicable Criteria and Related Research:
-- 'Corporate Rating Methodology' Aug. 8, 2012;
-- 'Short-term Ratings Criteria for Non-Financial Corporates' Aug. 8, 2012;
-- 'U.S. Healthcare Stats Quarterly - Third Quarter 2012' Jan. 8, 2013;
-- 'Fitch Affirms Cardinal Health at 'BBB+', Outlook Revised to Stable' Nov.
-- 'Fitch: Express Scripts Contract has Moderate Effect on ABC & Cardinal's
Credit Profiles' Aug. 1, 2012
-- 'Navigating the Drug Channel - Distributors: A Deeper Dive' March 13, 2012;
-- 'Fitch: Cardinal Health's Ratings Not Immediately Affected by DEA License
Suspension' March 2, 2012.
Applicable Criteria and Related Research:
Corporate Rating Methodology
Short-Term Ratings Criteria for Non-Financial Corporates
U.S. Healthcare Stats Quarterly - Third-Quarter 2012
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Jacob Bostwick, CPA
Fitch Ratings, Inc.
70 W. Madison Street
Chicago, IL 60602
Bob Kirby, CFA
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