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President Obama Awards IBM Scientists with National Medal of Technology and Innovation for Inventing the Underlying Technology



 President Obama Awards IBM Scientists with National Medal of Technology and
     Innovation for Inventing the Underlying Technology in LASIK Surgery

Tenth time IBM has received nation's most prestigious tech award; Experiment
with Thanksgiving turkey leftovers led to vision correction procedure that has
benefited more than 25 million people worldwide

PR Newswire

WASHINGTON, Feb. 1, 2013

WASHINGTON, Feb. 1, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- President Obama will honor a team of
three IBM (NYSE: IBM) scientists -- James J. Wynne, Rangaswamy Srinivasan and
Samuel Blum -- with the National Medal of Technology and Innovation, the
country's most prestigious award given to leading innovators for technological
achievement. They are receiving this award for their discovery of a new form
of laser surgery, using an excimer laser that made modern LASIK and PRK
refractive eye surgery possible.

(Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130201/NY52716 )

(Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20090416/IBMLOGO )

President Obama will personally bestow the award to Drs. Wynne and Srinivasan
at a special White House ceremony today.  IBM has earned the National Medal of
Technology and Innovation on nine other occasions.

"It is a huge honor to receive this award for our research more than thirty
years after its initial discovery. This achievement is a reflection of IBM's
culture of innovation, to think far into the future, and a result of enabling
different disciplines to come together to tackle real-world challenges with a
broad domain of expertise," said Dr. Wynne of IBM Research.

IBM's transformational work in laser technology, by this team of scientists
has shaped the course of surgical care. Well suited for delicate surgeries,
the excimer laser replaced mechanical instruments such as the "cold steel"
scalpel, which was not very precise, could leave the cornea permanently
weakened and required a long recovery time.

The team of researchers, who each had different backgrounds that included
laser physics, polymer photochemistry and materials science, embarked on their
breakthrough adventure the day after Thanksgiving in 1981. What began as an
experiment involving an excimer laser and some turkey leftovers led to the
idea that this laser could be used in health and medicine, after they
successfully irradiated a piece of turkey cartilage without any collateral
damage to the surrounding tissue.

Using very short pulses of far ultraviolet light, the excimer laser cut a
clean incision into the cartilage without any burning or charring. This
ability to precisely cut into materials via ablation, rather than burning, was
appealing to doctors and patients, as it left surrounding and underlying areas
undamaged. As a result of publishing their research and giving a talk at a
major laser conference in 1983, the IBM team caught the attention of the
ophthalmology community, which helped advance this technology with further
experimentation and trials.

Today, LASIK and PRK eye surgery are the most popular vision correction
surgeries performed and have improved the vision of more than 25 million
people worldwide. This type of modern surgery technology is one reason why the
world has looked to the United States for leadership and best practices. 
James Wynne still works at IBM's TJ Watson Research Center, while Srinivasan
and Blum have since retired, and Blum recently passed away on January 9^th,
2013. He was 92.

The White House ceremony will be webcast live starting from 2pm ET on Friday
February 1, at http:/www.whitehouse.gov/live

In addition to the National Medal of Technology & Innovation, the team will
also be awarded the 2013 Russ Prize of the National Academy of Engineering
later this month, a prize that recognizes outstanding bioengineering
achievements in widespread use that improves the human condition.

For more information, visit the IBM Icon of Progress on Excimer Laser Surgery
at http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/excimer/

Contact information:
Fiona Doherty
Media Relations
IBM Research
Phone: 1-914-945-2319
Email: fhdohert@us.ibm.com   

SOURCE IBM

Website: http://www.ibm.com
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