Fitch Affirms Health Net's Sr. Notes at 'BB', IFS at 'BBB'; Outlook Stable
CHICAGO -- January 15, 2013
Fitch Ratings has affirmed the 'BB' rating on Health Net Inc.'s (Health Net)
senior unsecured notes, 'BB+' Issuer Default Rating (IDR) and the 'BBB'
Insurer Financial Strength (IFS) rating on Health Net's operating
subsidiaries. The Rating Outlook is Stable. A complete list of ratings is
shown at the end of this commentary.
Health Net's ratings continue to reflect the company's overall 'small' market
position and size/scale features. Specifically, Health Net is concentrated in
California with less geographic diversification and size and scale benefits
compared to higher rated peers.
The ratings also reflect capitalization metrics that are generally consistent
with Fitch's median rating category guidelines for the company's current
ratings balanced against a history of uneven operating results.
Health Net targets an NAIC risk-based capital (RBC) ratio of 200% of the
company action level (CAL) for its underwriting subsidiaries, which is
consistent with Fitch's median guidelines for the current rating category but
below higher rated peers.
Both financial leverage and operating leverage were better than median
guidelines for the company's current ratings. Health Net's debt-to-total
capital ratio was 25% at Sept. 30, 2012, excluding unrealized bond gains from
stockholders' equity, compared to a median guideline of 35% for the rating
category. In addition, operating leverage, measured by the ratio of health
care premiums to stockholders' equity, was 6.7x compared to a median guideline
of 9.0x for the rating category.
Health Net reported an elevated ratio of debt-to-EBITDA at 5.3x due to poor
operating results through the first nine months of 2012. This ratio was 2.1x
at year-end 2011 and is expected to approach 3.0x in 2013 which would be
consistent with Fitch's guidelines for the current rating category.
Substantially all of Health Net's $116 million in net income for the first
nine months of 2012 came from the $117 million gain on sale of its Medicare
stand-alone prescription drug plan in April 2012 and from $30 million in
realized investment gains.
During the fourth quarter of 2012, Health Net and the state of California's
Department of Health Care Services (DHCS) entered into a comprehensive
agreement covering Health Net's state-sponsored programs. The agreement is
expected to reduce earnings volatility by establishing mutually agreed upon
margin targets for state-sponsored business and working to improve the process
for settling rate disputes.
Health Net's EBITDA covered interest expense by 1.7x through the first three
quarters of 2012, which is down significantly from 6.5x in 2011. Health Net's
run-rate interest coverage is expected to improve beyond 3x to be consistent
with Fitch's guideline for the current rating category.
KEY RATING DRIVERS
Key ratings triggers that could lead to an upgrade for Health Net include:
--Solid earnings with less volatility;
--Significant capital strengthening with Risk-Based Capital (RBC) sustained
above 250% Company Action Level (CAL);
--Improved run-rate profitability measured by EBITDA margin;
--Profitable geographic diversification and expansion of the company's premium
and membership base.
Key ratings triggers that could lead to a downgrade for Health Net include:
--Unforeseen operational issues that cause Fitch to question the company's
risk management practices;
--Material loss of commercial membership beyond management's 2013 guidance;
--A substantial regulatory fine or litigation charge;
--A significant decline in stockholders' equity or increase in financial
leverage above 30%.
Fitch has affirmed the following ratings with a Stable Rating Outlook:
Health Net Inc.
--Long-term IDR at 'BB+';
--6.375% senior notes due June 2017 at 'BB'.
Health Net Of California, Inc.
Health Net of Arizona, Inc.
Health Net Plan of Oregon, Inc.
--IFS at 'BBB'.
Additional information is available at 'www.fitchratings.com'. The ratings
above were solicited by, or on behalf of, the issuer, and therefore, Fitch has
been compensated for the provision of the ratings.
Applicable Criteria & Related Research:
--'Insurance Rating Methodology' (Jan. 11, 2013);
--'Health Insurance and Managed Care (U.S.)' Sector Credit Factors (March 28,
Applicable Criteria and Related Research:
Insurance Rating Methodology -- Amended
Health Insurance and Managed Care (U.S.) Sector Credit Factors
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Douglas M. Pawlowski, CFA, +1-312-368-2054
70 W. Madison Street
Chicago, IL 60602
Mark E. Rouck, CPA, CFA, +1-312-368-2085
Jeff A. Mohrenweiser, FSA, CFA, CERA, FRM, +1-312-368-3182
Brian Bertsch, New York, +1 212-908-0549
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