Mitsubishi and SDK Form Strategic Partnership in Fullerene Busin

Mitsubishi and SDK Form Strategic Partnership in Fullerene Business 
- Frontier Carbon to Start Operating as Equally-Owned JV - 
Tokyo, Jan 9, 2013 - (JCN Newswire) - Mitsubishi Corporation (MC) and Showa
Denko K.K. (SDK) have entered into a strategic partnership in the Fullerene
business. As part of the arrangement, SDK yesterday acquired from MC a 50%
stake in Frontier Carbon Corporation (FCC), a producer and marketer of
Fullerene products, thereby making FCC a 50-50 joint venture between MC and
SDK. 
Fullerene is a molecule composed entirely of carbon. It takes the form of a
soccer ball and is one nanometer (one-millionth of a millimeter) in diameter.
As the molecule is soluble in organic solvents and is an excellent electron
acceptor, it is seen as a promising material in the field of electronics,
particularly for such applications as n-type material for organic photovoltaic
(OPV) cells. 
SDK has over 10 years of experience commercially producing carbon nanotubes
under the trade name VGCFTM.  SDK is therefore confident that its
nanotechnology acquired through the VGCFTM business can be practically applied
to the Fullerene business. SDK and FCC will jointly undertake R&D and
marketing activities towards the commercialization of Fullerene products. MC
also has expertise in the manufacture of Fullerene products, including the
ownership of relevant patents and an established sales network. Thus, by
joining forces, SDK and MC are aiming to realize synergies on both the
technological development and marketing fronts in order to accelerate the
commercialization of Fullerene products, 
SDK's VGCFTM is already used in various applications, including lithium
ion batteries, and the tie-up with MC in the Fullerene business is expected to
further expand its carbon nano materials business. MC aims to create new
businesses by dealing in new materials that contribute to innovation in the
manufacturing industry. 
Applications of Fullerene 
Commercial production of Fullerenes started in 2003 for such applications as
carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) and additive in lubricants.  In recent
years, development of new applications is progressing rapidly, centering on
promising areas in organic electronics, as follows: 
1. N-type material for next generation solar cells 
Fullerene molecules accept a large amount of electrons with very strong force.
At the same time, Fullerene molecules readily combine with functional groups
that are soluble in industrial organic solvents.  It is therefore possible to
produce Fullerene derivatives that are readily soluble in organic solvents,
while maintaining their property of high electron accepting capacity.  When
Fullerene molecules are mixed with p-type organic semiconductors and made into
ink, thin film layers having the property of semiconductors can be formed on
PET and other types of plastic films through printing technology, contributing
to mass production at low cost.  Such coating with special property will bring
about innovation in the areas of organic thin film transistors (TFT)/diodes,
organic photovoltaic(OPV) cells, and organic light-emitting diode (OLED). 
Thus, many companies at home and abroad in the printing, electric appliance
and chemical industries as well as new high-tech ventures are competing to
develop and commercialize new products in this field.  With regard to an OPV
cell that serves as a low-cost and flexible power-generating device after
coating, in particular, almost all manufacturers have decided to adopt
Fullerene as the standard material for n-type semiconductor.  As a result,
efforts are being made at an accelerated pace to realize mass production of
Fullerenes for organic electronics applications. 
2. Optical filters, photoresist material for LSI fabrication, etc. 
As Fullerene molecules absorb blue light only, they can be used as optical
filters, including sunglasses.  Development is also under way to use Fullerene
as photoresist in the photolithography process for next-generation ultra LSIs,
utilizing the size of one-nanometer diameter of a Fullerene molecule and its
high durability for plasma etching process.  Furthermore, steady progress is
made in basic research in leading-edge nano devices in which a Fullerene
molecule, containing metallic elements , will serve as a switch or a magnet.
Thus, development is under way in wide areas of applications. 
Outline of Frontier Carbon Corporation (as of January 8, 2013) 
President: Hirohiko Otsubo
Establishment: 2001
Head office: 6-1, Marunouchi 2-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo
Shareholders: Mitsubishi Corporation: 50%, Showa Denko K.K.: 50%
Scope of business: Production and sale of nano carbon products, including
Fullerene 
About Mitsubishi Corporation 
Mitsubishi Corporation (MC; TSE: 8058) is a global integrated business
enterprise that develops and operates businesses across virtually every
industry including industrial finance, energy, metals, machinery, chemicals,
foods, and environmental business. MC's current activities are expanding
far beyond its traditional trading operations as its diverse business ranges
from natural resources development to investment in retail business,
infrastructure, financial products and manufacturing of industrial goods. With
over 200 bases of operations in approximately 80 countries worldwide and a
network of over 500 group companies, MC employs a multinational workforce of
nearly 60,000 people. For more information, please visit
www.mitsubishicorp.com. 
About Showa Denko 
Showa Denko K.K. ('SDK'; TSE: 4004, US: SHWDF) is a major
manufacturer and marketer of chemical products serving a wide range of fields
ranging from heavy industry to the electronic and computer industries. SDK
makes petrochemicals (ethylene, propylene), aluminum products (ingots, rods),
electronic equipment (hard disks for computers) and inorganic materials
(ceramics, carbons). The company has overseas operations and a joint venture
with Netherlands-based Montell and Nippon Petrochemicals to make and market
polypropylenes. In March 2001, SDK merged with Showa Denko Aluminum Corporation
to strengthen the high-value-added fabricated aluminum products operations, and
is today developing next-generation optical communications-use wafers. For more
information, please visit www.sdk.co.jp . 
Contact: 
Mitsubishi Corporation
Corporate Communications Dept.
Tel: +81-3-3210-2511 
Showa Denko K.K.:
Public Relations Office
Tel: +81-3-5470-3235 
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