TV Remote Control Inventor Eugene Polley, 1915-2012
CHICAGO, May 21, 2012
CHICAGO, May 21, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Best known as the inventor of the first
wireless remote control for television, Eugene J. Polley started his career
with Zenith Radio Corporation (now Zenith Electronics LLC, a subsidiary of LG
Electronics) in 1935. His 47-year engineering career spanned the pioneering
days of radio, black-and-white television and color TV.
Mr. Polley died of natural causes on May 20 in Advocate Good Samaritan
Hospital, Downers Grove, Ill. He was 96.
His inventions, primarily in the field of television, earned 18 U.S. patents.
Mr. Polley's best known invention, the "Flash-Matic" remote control, was the
world's first wireless TV remote, introduced in 1955. It used a
flashlight-like device to activate photo cells on the television set to change
Mr. Polley worked his way up from the stockroom to the parts department, where
he produced Zenith's first catalog, and then on to his long career in the
During World War II, as part of Zenith's commitment to the war effort, Mr.
Polley worked on radar advances for the U.S. Department of Defense.Mr.
Polley also worked on the push-button radio for automobiles and on the
development of the video disk, predecessor of today's DVD.
Over the years, Mr. Polley held key technology positions at Zenith, including
as Product Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Head of Video Recording Group,
Advanced Mechanical Design Group and Assistant Division Chief for the
Mechanical Engineering Group.
Mr. Polley was the 2009 recipient of the Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics
Award from the Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers. Mr. Polley
and fellow Zenith engineer Robert Adler were honored in 1997 with an Emmy
Award from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for
"Pioneering Development of Wireless Remote Controls for Consumer Television."
Mr. Polley's innovation has been featured in numerous articles and television
Eugene J. Polley was born in Chicago on Nov. 29, 1915. He attended the City
Colleges of Chicago and Armour Institute. He was a longtime resident of
Lombard, Ill., where he was active in village government, serving as a member
of the village's Zoning Board of Appeals for 34 years.
He is survived by his son, Eugene J. Polley Jr., and grandson, Aaron, of San
Diego, Calif. He was preceded in death by his wife, Blanche, and daughter,
Visitation will be held May 22, 5-8 p.m., Brust Funeral Home, Lombard, Ill. A
funeral mass will be held May 23 at 10 a.m., Sacred Heart Church, Lombard,
followed by internment at Assumption Cemetery in Wheaton.
FATHER OF THE TV REMOTE CONTROL
The inventor of the first wireless remote control for television, Zenith's
Gene Polley, was called everything from the founding father of the couch
potato to the czar of zapping to the beach boy of channel surfing.
Few would dispute the enormous impact of this invention, devised in an era of
three or four VHF broadcast TV stations in most markets. Today, remote control
is not a luxury but a necessity in navigating 500-plus digital cable or
digital satellite channels, or controlling an HDTV, Blu-Ray Disc player,
digital video recorder or home theater audio system – all at the touch of a
Zenith's Gene Polley ushered in the era of channel surfing in the middle of
the 20th Century during the Golden Age of Television. Mr. Polley invented the
"Flash-Matic," which represented the world's first wireless TV remote.
Introduced in 1955, Flash-Matic operated by means of four photo cells, one in
each corner of the TV screen. The viewer used a highly directional flashlight
to activate the four control functions, which turned the picture and sound on
and off and changed channels by turning the tuner dial clockwise and
Commander Eugene F. McDonald Jr., Zenith's late founder-president, believed TV
viewers would not tolerate commercials. While developing and promoting the
concept of commercial-free subscription television, McDonald yearned for a way
for viewers to take back control from the advertisers. Mr. Polley's
Flash-Matic accomplishes that goal. McDonald ordered it into production and
honored Mr. Polley with the President's Award.
Building on Mr. Polley's innovation, fellow Zenith engineer, the late Dr.
Robert Adler, later developed the next-generation wireless TV remote based on
ultrasonic technology, Space Command. By the early 1980s, the industry moved
from ultrasonic to infrared, or IR, remote technology. The IR remote works by
using a low-frequency light beam, so low that the human eye cannot see it, but
which can be detected by a receiver in the TV. Zenith's development of
cable-compatible tuning and teletext technologies in the 1980s greatly
enhanced the capabilities for infrared TV remotes.
Today, wireless remote pioneered by Mr. Polley, is a standard feature on
virtually all consumer electronics products. The most sophisticated digital
HDTV sets have remotes with as many as 50 buttons. Of course, in 2012,
virtually all television sets, set-top boxes, video players/recorders and
other home entertainment components sold in the United States are equipped
with remote control.
SOURCE Zenith Electronics LLC
Press spacebar to pause and continue. Press esc to stop.