Redox Battery Inventor, Professor Maria Skyllas-Kazacos, Joins
Apella's Advisory Board
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA -- (Marketwire) -- 01/24/11 -- Apella
Resources Inc. (TSX VENTURE: APA), (OTCQX: APAFF), and (FRANKFURT:
NWN) is very pleased to announce that Professor Maria Skyllas-Kazacos
has joined Apella's Advisory Board effective immediately. Professor
Skyllas-Kazocas is currently Emeritus Professor, School of Chemical
Sciences and Engineering, The University of New South Wales,
Australia ("UNSW"); prior to which she held the posts of Professor,
School of Chemical Engineering and Industry Chemistry, UNSW, and
Director, Centre for Electrochemical and Minerals Processing, UNSW.
Professor Skyllas-Kazacos' career accomplishments, achievements and
awards are outlined below.
Professor Skyllas-Kazacos is well known worldwide as the scientific
researcher and pioneer who is credited with the invention of the
Vanadium Redox Battery (now, commonly referred to as "the VRB").
Professor Skyllas-Kazacos' pioneering work included the basis
research, through the development of all aspects (including
electrolyte production, novel plastic electrodes, new modified
membranes, mathematical modeling and design) of battery technology
and components, to prototype testing and manufacturing trials in
conjunction with industrial licenses.
Patrick D. O'Brien, ICD.D, Apella's Chairman and CEO comments
"Apella's Board, Management and Technical Team are very delighted to
have Professor Maria Skyllas-Kazacos join Apella's Advisory Board.
Maria's extensive knowledge and expertise in the area of vanadium
applications is well known and respected globally. It is without a
doubt that Maria's contribution to Apella's endeavours will have an
immense impact on the company's future. We all welcome Professor
Skyllas-Kazacos to Apella and look forward to working with this
highly acclaimed scientist in developing our Vanadium-Iron-Titanium
assets and meeting the markets future vanadium requirements."
The Vanadium Redox battery which Professor Skyllas-Kazacos pioneered
is now regarded internationally as one of the most feasible
technologies currently available to meet the growing need for
efficient renewable energy storage to help in the global reduction of
fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. To date more
than 20 medium to large-scale VRB systems have been installed by
Sumitomo Electric Industries in Japan, USA, Europe and Australia for
the storage of wind and solar energy and for load leveling at power
stations and back-up power. The largest of these is a 4 MW/6 MWh VRB
integrated to a wind-farm on the Japanese island of Hokkaido. Several
companies are now manufacturing or are in the process of setting up
production of the VRB in China and Europe, while a grant from the US
Department of Energy was awarded for the installation of a 6 MWh VRB
installation at the Painesville Municipal Power Plant in Ohio using
the UNSW technology.
In 2001, the new "Generation 2" Vanadium Bromide Redox Cell was
patented by the University of NSW and funding was received from the
Victorian government funded Centre for Energy and Greenhouse
Technologies and from the Australian government's Renewable Energy
Development Initiative fund to further develop the technology as a
high energy density flow battery for both stationary and mobile
applications. Collaborative research in this area is currently being
undertaken with Nanyang Technical University in Singapore.
The key and most significant component of the Vanadium Redox Battery
production is vanadium itself. Both electrolytes in Vanadium Redox
Batteries are vanadium based. The only primary, constant, and
reliable source of Vanadium for VRB producers, going forward, will
without a doubt be magnetite ore deposits like the Iron-T and Lac
Dore deposits that Apella is associated with. For Vanadium Redox
Batteries to continue to expand market share it will be imperative
for VRB manufactures worldwide to have access to large, reliable
supplies of high grade vanadium that meet their particular
specifications; which is exactly what Apella plans to see produced
and delivered. Apella currently awaits receipt of its updated NI
43-101 Technical Report and Resource Calculation for its Iron-T
Vanadium-Iron-Titanium Project located in Quebec, Canada. This latest
report being prepared by SGS-Geostat and will include a report on the
metallurgy of the deposit. The earlier NI-43-101-compliant report and
resource calculation of 11.6 million tonnes presented to Apella by
SGS-Geostat in August 2010 of 11.6 million did not include:
-- assay results from 15 additional drill holes
-- assay results from 2 extended drill holes
-- assay results from 85 channel samples taken from newly discovered zones
Professor Skyllas-Kazacos, in addition to her work in the area of the
Vanadium Redox Battery, has a vast amount of experience in other
sectors of research as well. Her work to date has led to the
authoring and filing of 250 publications and patents in the areas
-- Vanadium Battery Research: which has resulted in today's leading edge
Vanadium Redox Battery technology currently being utilized worldwide.
-- Lithium battery and Fuel Cell technology: including new research
activities in lithium ion batteries and biofuel which began on 2001 at
UNSW. In collaboration with ANSTO, a range of novel lithium battery
electrode materials have been evaluated for improved intercalation
ratios and reversibility. Work is also being undertaken on the
development of improved catalysts for methanol oxidation and membrane
modification for direct methanol fuel cell applications.
-- Aluminium Electrowinning, Mineral Extraction and Molten Salts: This work
has been funded by grants from Comalco (Rio Tinto), the Australian
Research Council and more recently the CSIRO Light Metals Flagship.
Studies include aluminium electrowinning in cryolite and alternative
electrolytes, inert anodes and inert cathodes for aluminium
electrolysis. Other projects have included:
-- Electrochemical studies of aluminium deposition and dissolution at
graphite, tungsten, titanium diboride and TiB2/C composite and
granulometry on anode overvoltage in aluminium smelting process.
-- Determination of bath resistivities, bubble layer resistivities and
gaseous volume fraction in aluminium electrolysis cells with sloping
anodes and cathode.
-- Electrochemical studies of dissolved aluminium in molten Al2O3 /
-- Electrochemical studies of wettability of sintered TiB2 and TiB2/C
composite electrodes in molten Al2O3/cryolite. Effect of TiO2 and
B2O3 additions on the aluminium deposition reaction at graphite
electrodes in molten Al2O3/cryolite.
-- Preparation and evaluation of inert anodes based on cermet composite
materials to eliminate the generation of carbon dioxide
-- Anode effect studies for greenhouse gas reduction in aluminium
-- Wear resistant cathodes for aluminium electrowinning
-- Advanced Control and process modelling for the aluminium reduction
-- Electrochemical Engineering and Electrochemical Cell Design, including:
-- Modelling and simulation of electrochemical reactors
-- Bipolar cell design and evaluation
-- Industrial prototype design, testing and optimisation
-- Precipitation mechanisms and kinetics; effects of additives and
impurities on precipitation processes and crystal morphology.
Alist of Professor Skyllas-Kazacos' vast credits would include a total
of over 130 papers in international refereed journal, 2 Book
Chapters, more than 35 patents or patent applications, 75 full
conference papers, and 17 major reports. She has also edited and
published 9 Conference Proceedings and jointly produced 2 CDRoms of
Professor Skyllas-Kazacos' career has provided her the opportunity
and pleasure to supervise 25 PhD and Master's thesis students to
completion. Maria is currently supervising 7 PhD students, 3 Honours
thesis students, 2 research fellows, and 2 research students; all in
addition to her own ongoing research and endeavours.
-- 1974 BSc (Hons 1) Industrial Chemistry, The University of New South
-- 1974 University Medal
-- 1978 PhD, School of Chemical Technology, The University of New South
-- Fellow, Institution of Engineers, Australia
-- Fellow, Royal Australian Chemical Institute
-- Member, Electrochemical Society of USA
-- Chartered Professional Engineer
Awards and Medals
-- University Medal, 1974
-- Whiffen Medal, Institution of Chemical Engineers Australia, 1997
-- CHEMECA Medal, Institution of Chemical Engineers Australia, 1998
-- Member of the Order of Australia, Australia Day Honours List 1999
-- R.K. Murphy Medal, Royal Australian Chemical Institute, 2000
-- Invested as Grand Lady of the Byzantine Order of St Eugene of Trebizond
(Australia Day, 2009)
-- Recipient Distinguished Lecturer Award, Pacific Northwest National
Laboratories, Richland, UNSW, 2009.
-- Co-Recipient, 2009 Light Metals Division Journal of Metals Best Paper
-- 2007- present: Emeritus Professor, School of Chemical Sciences and
-- 2005-2010: Honorary Technical advisor, V-Fuel Pty Ltd
-- 2004-present: Honorary Technical advisor, Magnam Technologies Pty Ltd
-- 1993- 2007 Professor, School of Chemical Engineering and Industrial
-- 2000-2006 Director, Centre for Electrochemical and Minerals Processing,
-- 1987-1993 Associate Professor, School of Chemical Engineering and
Industrial Chemistry, UNSW
-- 1982-1987 Lecturer to Senior Lecturer, School of Chemical Engineering
and Industrial Chemistry, UNSW
-- 1980-1981 Queen Elizabeth II Postdoctoral Research Fellow in School of
-- 1978-1979 CSIRO Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Bell Telephone
Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA
ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF APELLA RESOURCES INC.
Patrick D. O'Brien, ICD.D - Director
SEC Exemption 12(g)3-2(b) File no. 82-3822, Standard & Poors Listed,
Dun & Bradstreet Listed
NEITHER TSX VENTURE EXCHANGE NOR ITS REGULATION SERVICES PROVIDER (AS
THAT TERM IS DEFINED IN THE POLICIES OF THE TSX VENTURE EXCHANGE)
ACCEPTS RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ADEQUACY OR ACCURACY OF THIS RELEASE.
Apella Resources Inc.
W. Adrian Bakker
Vice President of Corporate Communications
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